The Ganges stingray or Gangetic stingray is a species of stingray in the freshwater rivers of India and one of the largest species of stingray found in India. “This has clear welfare implications for the individual animals but may also cause declines in populations of species that are of conservation concern,” observed Nelms. We are currently looking into setting up a net recycling project, particularly at the sites where this discarding behaviour is prevalent,” said Nelms. Ganga is the largest river (2074 km) in India which stretches from Gangotri Glacier of Western Himalayas in Uttarkhand and flows south and east through the Gangetic Plain of India & Bangladesh, and eventually empties into the Bay of Bengal. Monofilament fixed gill nets (current jal) and mosquito nets are illegal or restricted in Bangladesh and India, but their presence as observed during the riverbank surveys suggest that fishers are not adhering to the restrictions. Similarly, India may also adopt some strategic directions from Bangladesh that bring success in our hilsa conservation,” said Chowdhury. Ganga is the largest river (2074 km) in India which stretches from Gangotri Glacier of Western Himalayas in Uttarkhand and flows south and east through the Gangetic Plain of India & Bangladesh, and eventually empties into the Bay of Bengal. The Ganges, known primarily as Ganga in India, is a river that flows through India and Bangladesh.Formed by the confluence of the rivers Bhagirathi and Alaknanda, it is the longest river in India.The Ganges has played a tremendous role in the Indian civilization for more than two millennia supporting its population through its water and fertile plains, among other things. Thousands of animal carcasses and human corpses are being released into the river every day. The extent, and enforcement, of fisheries management restrictions, differ among the various regions of Bangladesh and India and likely influence the temporal trends and spatial patterns of waste fishing gear and types of equipment found, according to the researchers. The largest river delta in the world is formed as a result of Ganga falling into the bay of bengal. Geographically the Ganges, also known as Ganga is the third largest river (2,525 km in length) in the world by discharge. Nelms adds that plastic pollution in rivers and the ocean does not respect protected area boundaries, so such areas are likely to be exposed to the same levels of waste gear as unprotected sites. This could lead us to underestimate the harm it causes, she said. It is produced by the confluence (संगम) of Bhagirathi and Alaknanda Rivers at Devprayag in India. They capture Prawn fish sitting on the boat. Pollution of the Ganges (or Ganga), the largest river in India, poses significant threats to human health and the larger environment. The aquatic region of India is home to some of the biggest and giant aquatic creatures and the mighty rivers of India are also a good habitat for river monsters. “Even if you confiscate the gill nets it doesn’t impact the fishers financially; they know its easily available and cheap, compared to the cotton nets,” said Singh. New Delhi, Sep 17 (PTI) Eight different exotic fish species were recorded in a study on fishes in Ganga river, Rattan Lal Kataria, Minister of State in the Jal Shakti Ministry, said on Thursday. On average 120,000 cubic metres (about 20 swimming pools' worth) of water flows out of its mouth every second. Banner image: Higher levels of waste fishing gear were reported in sampling sites near the sea. 4. © 2010-2021. The river water of Ganga is used for irrigation, transportation and fishing. It is likely due to the high prevalence of fishing activity at these sites combined with the downstream accumulation of waste gear from further up the river. For example, Kappenman and Parker (2007) recovered 33 lost gill nets from the Columbia River (USA) and found 126 white sturgeon (Acipenser transmontanus), which had been ‘fished’ by this ghost gear. The waters then flow through the delta region to the Bay of Bengal via innumerable channels, the largest of which is known as the Meghna estuary. In the late 1980s, India's government announced a plan to release specially bred flesh-eating turtles into the Ganges river. The Ganga River System . Singh also stressed that forest management/enforcement needs to go beyond the protected stretches in riverine systems. Twenty-one species of conservation concern, as identified by the Wildlife Institute of India, with ranges that overlap with the sampling locations, were investigated during river bank surveys in Bhola, Chandpur, Rajbari (in Bangladesh) and Sahibganj, Patna, Varanasi, Kannau, Anupshahr, Rishikesh (in India). Fish And Fisheries Of River Ganga Ankita M. Sc. The Ganges shark (Glyphis gangeticus) is a critically endangered species of requiem shark found in the Ganges River (Padma River) and the Brahmaputra River of Bangladesh and India. The river Ganges is the largest river in India and the fifth longest in the world. United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, Promotion of Action against Marine Plastic Litter in Asia and the Pacific (CounterMEASURE II), You may republish Mongabay content in your publication at no cost. Red-bellied piranha is one of the most dreaded fish species in the world,has found its way into the Godavari river in Andhra Pradesh. Humpback Mahseer is one of the highly esteemed food fish and one of the largest fresh water river fish in India. Indian River Dolphin is also known as Ganges River Dolphin or South Asian river dolphin primarily found in the Ganges and Brahmaputra Rivers of Indian Subcontinent. “This reduces plastic pollution in the environment and provides a source of income for fishers and their communities,” said Nelms. The width of this river can go up to 36 – 37 kilometers at certain points. Ganges River. The Ganga river system is the largest river system in India. Kaveri is large South India river flows through Karnataka and Tamil Nadu and emptying into the Bay of Bengal, the river is home to Mugger Crocodile or Indian Marsh Crocodile in Ranganathittu bird sanctuary. Although ingestion of debris can pose a risk to fauna, the threat assessment focused on entanglement because entanglement in plastic pollution, such as waste fishing gear, is known to cause mortality and injury in various aquatic vertebrate species. This system alone harbours not less than 265 species of fish. To return to mongabay use one of the following links: “We always tell management and enforcement officials to look out for gill nets. The Bull Shark is commonly found species of Shark also lives in fresh water of the Brahmaputra and Ganges rivers of West Bengal and Assam in eastern India. It is often confused with the more common bull shark ( Carcharhinus leucas ), which also inhabits the Ganges River and is sometimes incorrectly referred to as the Ganges shark. We also feel like more collaborative solution-oriented research works between Bangladesh and India should be designed and implemented as both countries are connected with the aquatic system,” signed-off Chowdhury. Its total catchment area is 97.6 million ha (9.71 lakh km 2). It consists of two rivers namely, the Ganga and Yamuna and their tributaries. Ganges River, Hindi Ganga, great river of the plains of the northern Indian subcontinent. The study comes amid an increasing awareness on understanding what impacts plastic is having on species living in and around rivers. The Ganga river system is the largest river system in India. It consists of two rivers namely, the Ganga and Yamuna and their tributaries. In a major 2007–2009 study of fish in the Ganges basin (including the river itself and its tributaries, but excluding the Brahmaputra and Meghna basins), a total of 143 fish species were recorded, including 10 non-native introduced species. “Waste and active fishing gear impact aquatic wildlife in similar ways, but what we know about them differs quite significantly. The Ganges River supports more than 100 types of fish species, nearly 100 different amphibians, 5 crustaceans and various reptiles and birds. Parties to the Convention on Migratory Species (CMS) adopted Decisions 13.122 – 13.125 and called for further research on this issue at COP13 of the Convention on Migratory Species, held in earlier this year in India, according to the CMS. Additionally, no studies have investigated the potential movement of ALDFG from rivers into the sea. We also get your email address to automatically create an account for you in our website. Fishery Science and Aquaculture ALIGARH MUSLIM UNIVERSITY 2. A recent study found that increased ship traffic and dredging are stressing the dolphins and changing how they communicate. Severely polluted with human waste and industrial contaminants, the river provides water to about 40% of India's population across 11 states, serving an estimated population of 500 million people which is more than any other river in the world. When you login first time using a Social Login button, we collect your account public profile information shared by Social Login provider, based on your privacy settings. The idea is that members of the local community collect nets from the environment, which are then turned into products, such as carpet tiles. Apart from giving drinking water and irrigating fields, the River Ganga is vital to India’s Hindu population for religious reasons as well. [3] Nelms underscored that since waste gear is not monitored and can move over large distances, humans don’t necessarily observe how it interacts with wildlife. Three-striped roofed turtle (Batagur dhongoka), Ganges river dolphin (Platanista gangetica gangetica), black-spotted turtle (Geoclemys hamiltonii), northern river terrapin (Batagur baska) and smooth-coated otter (Lutrogale perspicilata) were found to be most vulnerable to entanglement with, and impacts from, waste fishing gear. Also, it is the lifeline to millions of Indians. Zoology (IV Sem.) Ganges river dolphin is National Aquatic Animal of India and protected under the Indian Wildlife Act, National Chambal Sanctuary and Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary are only two sanctuary in India dedicated to South Asian river dolphin. So we have to think of reducing, reusing, and recycling waste plastic fishing gear,” Sinha told Mongabay-India. The 2,525 km-long Ganga binds five Indian states along its main stem and 11 in her entire basin that is home to 625 million people. The Ganges is the most sacred river to Hindus. A recent study that sampled 55 sites along the Ganga’s 2500 km stretch for microplastics found microplastics in 72 percent of the sediment samples. The river Ganges holds deep religious and ritualistic significance for India's million of Hindus. It is the world's largest delta. Interviews with fishers revealed that many replace their nets every 1-6 months, and it is common for people to discard their old gear into the river. Chowdhury adds that the shared problems reinforce the importance of replicating strategies in the transboundary region.“In India, WII has initiated Ganga Prahari – guardians of the Ganges. In the late 1980s, India's government announced a plan to release specially bred flesh-eating turtles into the Ganges river. The endangered Ganges river dolphin and species of threatened freshwater turtle and otter are wildlife “most at risk” from getting tangled up in waste fishing gear adrift in the transboundary Ganges river system, research has said. New Delhi: Lovers of hilsa, the fish considered a big delicacy in most Bengali households, have some good news to look forward to. The more surprises that the Catfish found in the Amazon River of America How did it come here Ganges River in Varanasi, the more worrying it is for scientists. Fish is an important element in the diet of people in India and particularly in Bangladesh, where religious beliefs restrict the availability of animal protein. Many ecological parameters like dissolved oxygen conductivity indicated that the river health is improving, Kataria said. It flows primarily in a southerly direction through Russia into the Caspian Sea. “There was negligible awareness of the Gangetic river dolphin in the 1980s when I began working on the species. The Ganges, known primarily as Ganga in India, is a river that flows through India and Bangladesh.Formed by the confluence of the rivers Bhagirathi and Alaknanda, it is the longest river in India.The Ganges has played a tremendous role in the Indian civilization for more than two millennia supporting its population through its water and fertile plains, among other things. It selected stretches of the river along 25 cities in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and West Bengal. Eco-friendly substitutes for plastic could be tried as an alternative material for fashioning nets, “but they have to meet their purpose: it should be wildlife-friendly, any animal should not get entangled and the fishers should be able to get the volume of catch they require. If Prime Minister Modi sees the Ganga now, he will be able to spot fishes in its waters. Indian humpback Mahseer is most iconic fresh-water fish found only in the Cauvery Basin of Indian river system and is on the brink of extinction. Background The Ganges Basin, one of the largest river basins in the world, drains an area of approximately 814,400 km2, spans three countries, and also has one of the largest human population densities. From the source to the sea via the Bhagirathi-Hooghly it is a run of over 2,500 km. This is concerning, researchers say, since the Indian government has plans to expand the Ganga waterway, increasing the number and frequency of the ships that ply the river. Despite its cultural and religious importance, the river has rapidly degraded since the 20th century due to human activities. The Ganges shark is known to inhabit only in freshwater rivers of eastern and northeastern India. The Ganges river system (known as the Ganga in India and Padma and Meghna in Bangladesh) has been identified as one of the 14 continental rivers in the world into which over a quarter of global waste is discarded; it is considered the second-largest plastic pollution-contributing catchment in the world (0.12 million tonnes of plastic discharged per year). New Delhi: Lovers of hilsa, the fish considered a big delicacy in most Bengali households, have some good news to look forward to. Goonch is a monster catfish and man-sized killer catfish found in the Kali River in India and really a River Monsters of Indian Subcontinent. This was most common in Sahibganj in India and Rajbari and Chandpur in Bangladesh. There is emerging evidence demonstrating that ‘ghost gear’ is not only a marine issue but can pollute freshwater habitats too (Spirkovski et al., 2019). I feel in Bangladesh, we may replicate this idea to empower fishers and the key stakeholders who entirely depend on the rivers of Bangladesh. The barrages form barriers across the river. But climate change is endangering the holy river, reports Jasvinder Sehgal. The Ganga river basin is one of the largest inland river basin of India, draining a catchment of 0.86 million km 2 and supporting 43% of India’s population. They found higher levels of waste fishing gear in sampling sites near the sea: likely due to the high prevalence of fishing activity at these sites combined with the downstream accumulation of waste gear from further up the river. Photo by Heather Koldeway. The largest is the Farraka Barrage, which diverts most of the flow down the Hooghly Canal and has been the source of considerable political disagreement between India and Bangladesh, although a Water Sharing Agreement was reached in 1995. The Ganga River is also used for irrigation, fishing, and bathing. National Chambal Sanctuary also called as the National Chambal Gharial Wildlife Sanctuary is the only wild home for endangered Gharial. The Ganges River catchment supports some of the world’s largest inland fisheries but no research has yet been conducted to examine the input of debris from this industry. Major carps and the Clupeid fish, Hilsa (Tenualosa ilisha) and some large catfishes form the most valued catches across most parts of the Gangetic floodplains. These dolphins swim on their sides when moving through the water, and lack good eyesight. The Ganga River is also used for irrigation, fishing, and bathing. The Ganges shark (Glyphis gangeticus) is a critically endangered species of requiem shark found in the Ganges River (Padma River) and the Brahmaputra River of Bangladesh and India.It is often confused with the more common bull shark (Carcharhinus leucas), which also inhabits the Ganges River and is sometimes incorrectly referred to as the Ganges shark. Local people live on fishing, farming and use the ferry boats to commute. The Ganges River originates in the Himalayan Mountains. Concerned over the dwindling numbers of the fish in Ganga, the government-run National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) has embarked on an ambitious, technology-aided project to help conserve and increase the natural stock of hilsa in the river. Ganges is a nature documentary series for television on the natural history of the River Ganges in India and Bangladesh.As well as the variety of animals and habitats that are to be found along the river’s 2,510 km (1,557 mi) reach, the programmes also feature the cultures, traditions and religions of the very large human population that it supports. Fisheries are a major source of food, leisure and income for humanity and fishers community globally. The largest river delta in the world is formed as a result of Ganga falling into the bay of bengal. The habitats are contiguous and the wildlife doesn’t have boundaries,” said Singh. All orders are custom made and most ship worldwide within 24 hours. Ranganathittu sanctuary has largest fresh water crocodile population in Karnataka state. All links below take you to pages on the fishbase.org site. Concerned over the dwindling numbers of the fish in Ganga, the government-run National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) has embarked on an ambitious, technology-aided project to help conserve and increase the natural stock of hilsa in the river. But with the introduction of sturdier plastic nets, animals can’t wriggle free. Once your account is created, you'll be logged-in to this account. The expedition researchers recorded the abundance, distribution and characteristics of waste fishing gear such as nets, ropes, string, floats and line along the river, complementing their surveys by speaking to fishers to understand the behavioural drivers that lead to waste fishing gear entering the environment. The Ganges River catchment supports some of the world’s largest inland fisheries but no research has yet been conducted to examine the input of debris from this industry. Mongabay-India is a conservation and environment news and features service that aims to bring high quality, original reports from nature’s frontline in India. (adsbygoogle=window.adsbygoogle||[]).push({}); Ganges shark is a critically endangered species found in the River Ganges and the Brahmaputra of India, Its different species of river shark which can be confused with the Ganges and Brahmaputra river bull shark. Geography of River Ganga: Geographically the Ganges, also known as Ganga is the third largest river (2,525 km in length) in the world by discharge. It is the most sacred river to Hindus. Giant aquatic creatures and river monsters of India includes Indian mottled eel,Indian mahseer, Freshwater crocodile,Dwarf snakeheads,Wallago attu,Flathead catfish,large water snake,Dugongs and saltwater crocodile. The project is called Net-Works and has proved so successful in reducing waste gear in coastal areas in the Philippines and Cameroon that it has now spun out into the new social enterprise Coast-4C. The biggest river in the world, measured by the amount of water that flows down it, is the Amazon. It flows through Nepal, China, India and Bangladesh. The river is very rich in fish fauna; 102 species of the fish from the Narayani river have been recorded. The total combined length of the Gangetic river system is 12,500 km. The purpose of the exercise was to study fish and fisheries of river Ganga, assess the key habitat variables in relation to fish distribution and various biological activity of the fishes, seed production (in-situ) of selected fish species, fish ranching in the depleted river stretches and to conduct awareness programme on sustainable fisheries and conservation to local fishermen. Goonch Catfish is the man-sized killer catfish and the biggest river monsters fish from India, found in the mountain rivers of North India and Nepal. Lungfish. Young fishermen at the Ganga: The fishing community knows the river and its ways unlike anyone else. This river is now threatened by severe pollution. The Kali river goonch catfish is the biggest catfish caught and known for attacks on humans. However, the presence of sensitive species and habitats in protected areas may mean that protected areas are more vulnerable. Several fish markets are thriving in villages close to the Ganga river. The Barrage has a fish ladder, but there is no monitoring or concern as to whether it is working or not. Fish passes constructed at barrages on the Yamuna River (Hathnikund barrage) and the Ganga barrage at Haridwar have been … This invasive fish species from Godavari River is indeed a river monster of Indian rivers and ranked as one of the world’s most deadliest fish. Most people would say it was a fish (susuk fish),” noted Sinha. Inspired designs on t-shirts, posters, stickers, home decor, and more by independent artists and designers from around the world. Eight different exotic fish species were recorded in a study on fishes in Ganga river, Rattan Lal Kataria, Minister of State in the Jal Shakti Ministry, said on Thursday. Big size prawn fish are on this ganga ghat. Shailendra Singh, Director of Turtle Survival Alliance, India, adds that the easy availability of nylon gill nets also adds to the complexity of the challenge. 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