They also generally resemble other types of plants such as roses [3, 8]. A dry-deciduous, spiny shrub or small tree in the cactus family to about 8 m tall with oval, pale green leaves and very attractive and fairly large, red, rose-like flowers followed by edible but sour, round, yellow fruit So far, 20 phytoconstituents have been reported in the leaves and two components from the fruit as shown in Table 4. This is more than two times of the potassium content of tomato (4.5%), a vegetable known to be high in potassium [50]. A comprehensive review on Pereskia bleo has been presented. The leaves are 4–11 cm long and 1.5–4 cm wide, simple, and deciduous in the dry season. How Parkinsonia Aculeata is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. The antibacterial activities against four bacteria, namely, Gram-positive bacteria: Streptococcus pyogenes ATCC 19615 (SP) and Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 29737 (SA) and Gram-negative bacteria: Escherichia coli ATCC 10536 (EC) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 9027 (PA), were also performed based on the minimu… /Type /XObject They somewhat resemble the gooseberry in appearance and are of excellent flavor [15, 16]. USDA, “National Genetic Resources Program, Germplasm Resources Information Network—(GRIN),” [Online Database], 2012, K. S. Sim, A. M. Sri Nurestri, and A. W. Norhanom, “Phenolic content and antioxidant activity of crude and fractionated extracts of, E. Murillo, A. J. Meléndez-Martínez, and F. Portugal, “Screening of vegetables and fruits from Panama for rich sources of lutein and zeaxanthin,”. [54] reported the induction of apoptosis as a mechanism of action for cytotoxic activity of phytol. To neutralize the effects of the snakebites. This plant has been eaten raw as vegetables by some people in Malaysia and China or taken as a concoction brewed from fresh leaves [19, 36]. To treat hemorrhoid, hypertension, diabetes, infections, headache, and inflammatory conditions (rheumatism and asthma). In another study by Gupta et al. 2014, Article ID 326107, 11 pages, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/326107, 1Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Science, National University of Singapore, 18 Science Drive 4, Singapore, 2Department of Pharmacology, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore. This plant is a healthy vegetable and contribute significantly to the health management of man,it is therefore recommended for daily nutritional need. Internet sources including MEDLINE (via Pubmed), Science direct, Scopus and Google scholar, and China Journals Full-Text Database (via CNKI) were searched for publications on this plant. Antioxidant activity of different extracts from leaves of Pereskia bleo (Cactaceae) Preparing “ina kuamakalet”: the inflorescence is mixed with the excrements of red ants by using a special mortar and then moistened with water. On the other hand, P. bleo may contain some prodrugs which are metabolized to the active metabolites. [35] evaluated the antinociceptive activity of the ethanol extract and its fractions using two in vivo analgesic models: peripheral formalin-induced licking and acetic acid-induced abdominal writhing. Ferric Reducing Antioxidant Potential Assay (FRAP). The leaf of this plant has been used in Malaysian traditional medicine for the prevention and treatment of breast cancer. Younger stems have hooked thorns and older stems have clusters of woody spines. The two species can be distinguished by the leaves, flowers, and spines. >> A. Hawkins, “Molecular systematics of the Cactaceae,”. [62]. [32] showed that the water extract may form mutagenic compound(s) upon metabolization by the liver enzymes in vitro. The spines reach 2 cm on the older stems. 6 0 obj The genus Pereskia consists of 17 species with regular leaf development and function. Wahab et al. However, to the best of our knowledge, a comprehensive review of P. bleo is not available. & J. Presl, superorder of Caryophyllanae Takht and subclass of Magnoliidae Novák ex Takht. Although they are different species, anatomical similarities in these two species support the evolution theory for cactus family [18]. Pereskia bleo is known locally in Malaysia as pokok jarum tujuh bilah. Key words: Pereskia bleo, Cactaceae, antioxidant activity, phenolic content. In addition, P. bleo and P. grandifolia are the only exceptions of Pereskia which grow in areas receiving considerably high annual rainfall more than 187 mm per wet month. Traditional usage and methods of preparation of, Reported phytoconstituents in the leaves and fruits of, Percentage (% w/w) of mineral contents in the leaves of, A Review of Botanical Characteristics, Traditional Usage, Chemical Components, Pharmacological Activities, and Safety of, Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Science, National University of Singapore, 18 Science Drive 4, Singapore, Department of Pharmacology, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, https://florafaunaweb.nparks.gov.sg/Special-Pages/plant-detail.aspx?id=2324#, http://rmbr.nus.edu.sg/raffles_museum_pub/flora_of_singapore_tc.pdf, http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/invasive/weeds/publications/guidelines/alert/pubs/p-aculeata.pdf, http://books.google.com.sg/books?id=YVwMM2OdO34C&q=Pereskia+bleo#v=snippet&q=Pereskia%20bleo&f=false, http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/tax_search.pl?Pereskia+bleo%, http://www.ipni.org/ipni/plantNameByVersion.do?id=273592-2&version=1.3, http://mgonline.com/articles/exotics.aspx, http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PEGR14#, Chupa, Chupa melon, Najií, Najii De Culebra, Najú de esoubas, and Bleo de chupa (Spanish), Rose cactus, Bleo, Chinese rose, Spinach cactus, wax rose, and orange rose cactus (English), Making tea by boiling the leaves and/or the fruit and then drinking it warm or cool, Health maintenance and revitalizing the body, Making juice from the leaves and boiling in water and drinking every morning, Making decoction from the leaves and then using as a warm bath for muscle ache. This plant has translucent rounded white to pink berries which turn to yellow or orange with the diameter of 2 cm upon ripening. Pereskia bleo is an unusual form of cactus since it has leaves. The mineral content of the leaves was also investigated by using energy-dispersive X-ray microanalysis. One solution to this problem is to supplement the diet with antioxidant compounds found in natural plant sources [57]. Pereskia aculeata Miller commonly known as “ora-pro-nobis” has been used extensively in folclore medicine. The hexane, water, and methanol extracts of P. bleo leaves were found to reduce Fe3+/ferric cyanide complex to the ferrous form. The leaves are the most commonly used part of P. bleo in traditional medicine. A549: human lung carcinoma cell line, CasKi: human cervical carcinoma cell Line, HCT116: human colon carcinoma cell Line, KB: human nasopharyngeal epidermoid carcinoma cell Line, MCF-7: hormone dependent breast carcinoma cell Line, MRC-5: normal human fibroblast cell Lines. This family consists of 100 genera and about 2000 species [1, 2]. The ethyl acetate extract of P. bleo demonstrated the strongest antioxidant activity followed by the methanol extract reported by Sim et al. All authors declare that there is no conflict of interests regarding the publication of this paper. They are generally representative of the “ancestral cactus.” This genus does not look much like other types of cacti because of having substantial leaves and thin stems [3–5]. /BitsPerComponent 8 C. M. Boo, C. L. Ou-Yang, and K. Omar-Hor. 2,2-Diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl Hydrate (DPPH) Assay. P. bleo has been shown to possess antibacterial, antiviral, and antifungal properties in vitro. 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