Red Clover (Trifolium pratense) Description: A short-term (2–3 years) perennial legume. sativum. In particular, red clover may interact with oral contraceptives, methotrexate, hormone replacement therapy medications, tamoxifen, blood thinners like aspirin or Plavix, among others (31, 36). Red clover’s high isoflavone content is believed to help lower menopause symptoms, such as hot flashes and night sweats. Red clover contains isoflavones, which are a type of phytoestrogen — a plant compound that can weakly mimic estrogen in the body. The flowers Red clover is a native plant to us, whose occurrence extends from Europe to Asia. It is a vigorous establisher and good yielder in the establishment year. Be sure to follow the instructions on the label and speak with a healthcare professional before trying red clover. [8] They can be ground into a flour. The main ingredients of red clover are phytoestrogens that act similarly as estrogen in the human body. Red Clover genus and other classification is necessary information to know for every botanist. [9], In alternative medicine, red clover is promoted as a treatment for a variety of human maladies, including symptoms of menopause, coughs, disorders of the lymphatic system and a variety of cancers. Red clover is a dependable, low-cost, readily available workhorse that is winter hardy in much of the U.S. (Hardiness Zone 4 and warmer). It contains many vitamins and nutrients, including protein! Red Clover plant clade, plant tribe and order fall under the scientific classification of Red Clover. Likewise, other studies have failed to find that red clover can help treat BMD (13, 14). The meadow clover is also found in the highlands and can, depending on the area and mountain location, populate heights of up to … What Do You Want to Know About Osteoporosis. Several cultivar groups have been selected for agricultural use, mostly derived from T. pratense var. Additionally, there have been a few case reports of rare but dangerous side effects of red clover (20). Learn about its causes, risk factors, and…. What are the most effective remedies? Hot flashes can appear suddenly, or you may feel…. Higher quality, third-party research is needed (24). Currently, there’s no clear evidence that supplementing with red clover will improve menopause symptoms. Red Clover as an Herbal Treatment for Hot Flashes. [15] It is said to be a blood cleanser. Traditionally an element of hay meadows where it fixes nitrogen in its roots. Red clover (Trifolium pratense) is a perennial plant, grown widespread and cultivated as a forage grass in many countries. Harvesting red clover, though, is somewhat complicated and should only be done with knowledge of the plant. Red clover is a wild plant that can be eaten. Without taking steps to harvest red clover properly, you could harm the plant and decrease yields in the future. Stem lengths of medium and mammoth types average 18 inches and 24 to 30 inches, respectively. Red clover can be taken as a supplement, extract, or tea. fallens. nutrition, medicinal values, recipes, history, harvesting tips, etc.) Therefore, higher quality research is needed (29). The main aim of this project is to increase the use of plant genetic resources by directly channelling information and seed material to plant breeders working in the Northern/Arctic region. The flowers often are used to make jelly and tisanes, and are used in essiac recipes. Red Clover (Trifolium Pratense) is a wild edible that is a nutritional powerhouse! A recent study in 88 women taking the breast cancer medication tamoxifen found red clover did not result in any drug interactions or serious side effects, suggesting it does not interfere with anti-estrogen medications (37). Note, however, that research hasn't shown that the herb is conclusively effective for these or any other health concerns. Red clover is an herb used in traditional medicine to treat a wide range of health issues, such as hot flashes, osteoporosis, arthritis, and skin and hair disorders. Many natural herbs can interfere with the effectiveness of medications. Despite limited scientific evidence, red clover is used to treat a variety of conditions. Red clover contains substances called isoflavones. Red clover prefers grasslands and wet meadows, where it grows up to 50 centimeters in height, producing spikes of purple-red color. Red clover is a popular yet underrated flowering plant used for a variety of purposes around the world. Two review studies found that 40–80 mg of red clover (Promensil) per day may help alleviate hot flashes in women with severe symptoms (5 or more per day) by 30–50%. To make red clover tea, add 4 grams of dried flower tops (or red clover tea bags) to 1 cup (250 mL) of boiling water and steep for 5–10 minutes. Under Pennsylvania weather conditions, however, difficulty drying the herbage enough for safe baling has interfered with its widespread use. Red clover's flowers and leaves are edible, and can be added as garnishes to any dish. We discuss red clover as one herbal remedy of…. Osteoporosis is a condition in which your bones exhibit low bone mineral density (BMD) and have become weak (3). Red Clover Genus and Other Classification. Yet, due to the large number of ingredients, it’s unknown whether red clover played a role in these improvements (16). It is very well suited for use as the forage legume in short rotations with corn. Red clover plant is an herb which when fully mature is about 16 inches tall, with straight, hairy stems, and leaves with three leaflets that are marked with a crescent shape.. For comprehensive information (e.g. Red clover, a biennial, or short-lived perennial, bears an oval purplish flower head about 2.5 cm (1 inch) in diameter. It doesn't seem to work, though, for lowering cholesterol or controlling hot flashes in women. However, a 2020 review found red clover did not reduce LDL (bad) cholesterol or increase HDL (good) cholesterol (29). It is a legume and has been used as a cover crop like white clover. [5] The red clover has become increasingly important as a source of economic stability in Chile, which has made the need for pollinators even more important. Red clover is a dark-pink herbaceous plant originating from Europe, Asia, and North Africa. Several systemic reviews and meta-analyses concluded that red clover extract reduces the frequency of menopause hot flashes. These teas for menopause may be a natural way to ease your symptoms. Other problems include parasitic nematodes (roundworms) and viruses. Hot flashes are one of the most common symptoms of menopause. Despite this, great caution should be used when taking red clover and tamoxifen until there’s more clinical safety data available (38). University of Wisconsin Forage Variety Performance Results This link takes you to results from the most recent UW forage variety testing information. Suited to high rainfall with a good proportion of it during summer. [16], It is metabolised by CYP3A4 and therefore caution should be used when taking it with other drugs using this metabolic pathway.[17]. Due to its coumarin derivatives, T. pratense should be used with caution in individuals with coagulation disorders or currently undergoing anticoagulation therapy. Red clover is a herbaceous, short-lived perennial plant, variable in size, growing to 20–80 cm (8–31 in) tall. Red clover is a dark-pink flowering plant that’s used in traditional medicine to treat menopause symptoms, asthma, heart disease, skin disorders, and even cancer. Therefore, it should be avoided (34). Nevertheless, you should be aware of its side effects, drug interactions, and risks for certain populations. A 2015 study in 60 premenopausal women found that taking 5 ounces (150 mL) of red clover extract containing 37 mg of isoflavones daily for 12 weeks led to less BMD loss in the lumbar spine and neck, compared with the placebo group (9). Red clover is a common plant of all kinds of grassy areas in the UK, from lawns to pastures, roadsides to meadows. In alternative medicine, red clover is said to help with the following conditions. Red clover plants grow from crowns. Red clover varieties are tested at Prairie du Sac. As a woman reaches menopause, a decline in reproductive hormones — namely estrogen — can lead to increased bone turnover and a decrease in BMD (4, 5). A great source of nectar, especially for bees. Clover honey is popular due to its sweet, mildly floral taste. Historically, red clover was used … You can buy them in most health food stores or online. Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. Last medically reviewed on August 20, 2020, Are you looking into treatments for menopausal symptoms that avoid hormonal replacement therapy (HRT)? Still, a 3-year, double-blind study found taking 40 mg of red clover daily to be safe for women with a family history of breast cancer. Like peas and beans, red clover belongs to the family of plants called legumes. © 2005-2020 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. [3] The leaves are alternate, trifoliate (with three leaflets), each leaflet 15–30 mm (0.6–1.2 in) long and 8–15 mm (0.3–0.6 in) broad, green with a characteristic pale crescent in the outer half of the leaf; the petiole is 1–4 cm (0.4–1.6 in) long, with two basal stipules that are abruptly narrowed to a bristle-like point. Good seed-soil contact helps ensure establishment. Though it has a good safety profile, some side effects include nausea, vomiting, headache, and vaginal spotting. It grows as a winter annual in the southeastern USA. Plant red clover seeds at 1/2 lb per 1,000 square feet or 8 to 16 lbs per acre. Hence, it has the botanical name Trifolium, which in Latin translates loosely as "tri", meaning "three", with "folium" meaning "leaf". Those with hormone-sensitive conditions, such as breast cancer, ovarian cancer, or endometriosis, should speak to their healthcare provider before taking red clover due to its estrogenic activity (32). It has become naturalised in many temperate areas, including the Americas and Australasia as an escape from cultivation. However, a 2015 study in 147 postmenopausal women found that taking 50 mg of red clover daily for 1 year resulted in no improvements in BMD, compared with the placebo group (12). Red clover is a herbaceous, short-lived perennial plant, variable in size, growing to 20–80 cm (8–31 in) tall. Trifolium pratenseL., red clover, is an introduced biennial or short-lived perennial that grows as one of two types: medium (double-cut) or mammoth (single- cut). please check out our Red Clover PDF magazine. Isoflavones are phytoestrogens—compounds similar to the female hormone estrogen. Thus, it’s unknown whether these effects apply to the general population. Growing red clover for silage production circumvents that problem. Debra Rose Wilson, Ph.D., MSN, R.N., IBCLC, AHN-BC, CHT, 6 of the Best Multivitamins for Menopause, Debra Sullivan, Ph.D., MSN, R.N., CNE, COI, What Is Clover Honey? The doctors believe red clover interfered with a psoriasis medication known as methotrexate. Trifolium pratense, the red clover,[1][2] is a herbaceous species of flowering plant in the bean family Fabaceae, native to Europe, Western Asia, and northwest Africa, but planted and naturalised in many other regions. Some research has shown a connection between isoflavone intake and a decrease in osteoporosis risk (6, 7, 8). [6] One important pollinator, which was also brought from Europe, is Bombus ruderatus, or the large garden bumblebee. It has a deep taproot which makes it tolerant to drought and gives it a good soil structuring effect. Red clover is used for many conditions, but so far, there isn't enough scientific evidence to determine whether it is effective for any of them. However, little research supports these uses. Its tender leaves can be used in salads or cooked, contributing with a very big quantity of minerals, especially calcium, potassium and magnesium and amino acids. It is viewable or downloadable as a .pdf file via this link. Red clover contains plant oestrogens– also known as phytoestrogens or isoflavones. Due to its beauty, it is used as an ornamental plant. Though generally recognized as safe, red clover has minor estrogenic properties and should be avoided by those who are pregnant or breastfeeding, as well as people with bleeding disorders or who take hormone replacement therapy or other medications. The herbaceous plant can be found mainly on nutrient-rich meadows, forest clearings or roadsides. Red clover is a wild plant belonging to the legume family. All rights reserved. For these reasons, it is used as a green manure crop. This bumblebee has been one of the important pollinators of red clover in South America and other countries such as New Zealand.[7]. [13] Due to its activity on oestrogen receptors, red clover is contraindicated in people with a history of breast cancer, endometriosis, ovarian cancer, uterine cancer, uterine fibroids or other oestrogen-sensitive conditions,[14] although some authors have suggested the high isoflavone content counteracts this, and even provides benefits in these conditions. Most added that further research is needed to confirm the results. Estrogen is needed for bust growth and this substance helps women’s bodies to increase their breasts in a natural way without dangerous side effects. Finally, red clover may slow blood clotting and should be avoided by those with bleeding disorders. Red clover may help decrease menopausal hot flashes, though more research is needed. Additionally, no safety data on red clover among children or women who are pregnant or breastfeeding is available. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, Lepidoptera (Moths & Butterflies). Red clover is generally recognized as safe by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and most studies have found it to be well tolerated. It is widely grown as a fodder crop, valued for its nitrogen fixation, which increases soil fertility. The dry flowers and seeds can be used to flavor bread. If you’re in the market for a multivitamin to help with menopause symptoms, consider giving one of these six a try. Due to the large number of conflicting studies, more research is needed. Red clover is also a source of many valuable nutrients including calcium, chromium, magnesium, niacin, phosphorus, potassium, thiamine, and vitamin C. That said, the hemorrhage could not be directly linked to red clover (30). Despite this study, it’s important to speak with your healthcare provider before taking red clover to ensure that it’s safe and right for you. The flowering portion of red clover is used decoratively as an edible garnish or extract, and it can be extracted into essential oils (2). The flowers are dark pink with a paler base, 12–15 mm (0.5–0.6 in) long, produced in a dense inflorescence, and are mostly visited by bumblebees. When women reach their menopause, the decrease in oestrogen that occurs affects their body and mood. Another study in 30 men showed a 13% increase in the hair growth cycle (anagen) and a 29% decrease in the hair loss cycle (telogen) when a 5% red clover extract was applied to the scalp for 4 months, compared with the placebo group (26). Red clover is a wild edible plant belonging to the legume family that is … Though rare, potential side effects include vaginal spotting, prolonged menstruation, skin irritation, nausea, and headache. Plus, it’s now popular throughout South America as a fodder crop to improve soil quality (1). However, beyond this, little evidence supports using red clover to treat other health conditions. Red clover is a short-lived perennial adapted to wetter, lower-pH soils than alfalfa. Red clover is a short-lived perennial, or biennial in the northern USA and Canada. However, limited evidence shows that red clover helps with any of these illnesses. Compared with the placebo group, there was not an increased risk of breast cancer, endometrial thickness, or hormonal changes (33). Red clover is effectively treats menopausal symptoms and irregular menses. Once established it’s capable of rapid growth and shows reasonably good persistence up to three years, although ongoing breeding work is being carried out to increase plant persistence. Plant it in fertile, calcium-rich soil with a ph ranging from neutral to slightly acidic to keep it happy. A hot flash is a feeling of intense heat, not caused by external sources. Red clover is one of the most popularly used true clovers in the UK. Red clover is used to treat cancer as well as respiratory problems such as asthma, whooping cough and bronchitis. We also discuss the symptoms of menopause…, Hot flashes bothering you? The flower tops are used to make medicine. Trifolium pratense is used in traditional medicine of India as deobstruent, antispasmodic, expectorant, sedative, anti-inflammatory and antidermatosis agent. Red clove as edible plant. The genus has a cosmopolitan distribution with highest diversity in the temperate Northern Hemisphere, but many species also occur in South America and Africa, including at high altitudes on mountains in the tropics. Red clover (Trifolium pratense) is a wild flowering plant belonging to the same family as peas and beans. Furthermore, due to its minor estrogenic properties, those who are pregnant or breastfeeding, as well as people with hormone-sensitive conditions or bleeding disorders, should avoid its use. Genus is a group of plants which are related to each other in some or the other way. There’s not enough research showing it can improve cholesterol levels, strengthen bones, promote weight loss, or treat cancer, asthma, or other conditions. It has also been used medicinally to treat several conditions including cancer, whooping cough, respiratory problems, and skin inflammations, such as psoriasis and eczema. However, health experts are wary of its purported benefits due to a lack of scientific evidence. The flowers are used to make medicine. Alsike clover, a perennial species sometimes called Swedish clover, or Alsatian clover, bears globular rosy-pink flower heads. To protect your health, always speak to your healthcare provider before taking red clover. The leaves are alternate, trifoliate (with three leaflets), each leaflet 15–30 mm (0.6–1.2 in) long and 8–15 mm (0.3–0.6 in) broad, green with a characteristic pale crescent in the outer half of the leaf; the petiole is 1–4 cm (0.4–1.6 in) long, with two basal stipules that are abruptly narrowed to a bristle-like point. Though promising, more research is needed. Due to reports of side effects with 5 cups (1.2 liters) per day, it’s best to limit your daily intake to 1–3 cups (240–720 mL) (35). Most red clover is seeded in late winter to early spring in the northern and central parts of the red clover belt. Ideal seeding depth is approximately 1/4 inch, but error on the side of being shallow rather than too deep. A 52-year-old woman reported severe stomach pain and vomiting after taking 430 mg of red clover for 3 days. … Though many people enjoy red clover tea, no data shows it has the same potential health effects as concentrated forms of red clover, such as supplements and extracts. Another study observed a 73% decrease in hot flashes within 3 months after taking a supplement containing numerous herbs, including red clover. Details Red clover reaches 30-50cm in height and bears trifoliate leaves and rounded clusters of pinkish-red flowers 2-3cm acrossfrom May to September. Cattle and other animals graze on red clover. Many proponents of red clover claim it can help with weight loss, cancer, asthma, whooping cough, arthritis, and other conditions. They’re also available in tinctures and extracts. You can call them plant estrogens. Still, many studies were funded by supplement companies, which may lead to bias (14, 15). Moreover, these studies were performed in older, menopausal women. It’s widely used in traditional medicine as a remedy for menopause symptoms, asthma, whooping cough, arthritis, and even cancer. [4], The red clover is native to Europe, Western Asia, and northwest Africa, but it has been naturalized in other continents, like North and South America. One 2015 study in 147 postmenopausal women indicated a 12% decrease in LDL (bad) cholesterol after taking 50 mg of red clover (Rimostil) daily for 1 year (27). It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost tender. A 2007 report noted a 53-year-old woman had a subarachnoid hemorrhage — a type of stroke — after taking a supplement containing 250 mg of red clover, as well as eight other herbs, to treat hot flashes. Red clover is a plant. Their essential oil may be extracted and its unique scent used in aromatherapy. It is sown as a fodder crop for livestock and has long been used in crop rotation systems because of its ability to fix nitrogen, enriching soils. They … Some research has found taking 40–80 mg of red clover daily may help reduce severe menopausal hot flashes. Due to the wide range of potential drug interactions with red clover and limited data on the subject, always speak with a healthcare professional before starting any new supplements. Herbaceous, short-lived perennial, is often used in lawn-grass mixtures and bears a flower. Winter annual in the UK s no clear evidence that supplementing with red clover is a,. 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