The straight forward answer is, “they did not believe the oracles.” But the oracles are not ends in themselves, but rather they speak to the promises and purposes of God. 2. 3 What if some were unfaithful? Or what is the profit of circumcision?’. C. God will be proven true and every man a liar for this is what Psalm 116:11 says (3:4). A. The Gospel of Salvation—Paul’s Vocation (Romans 1:1–17) Our Need for Salvation in Life and Work (Romans 1:18–1:32) All Have Sinned (Romans 2–3) Judgment, Justice, and Faith (Romans 3) Judgment, the Source of Broken Relationships (Romans 3:1–20) God’s Justice Through Jesus, the Solution to Our False Judgments (Romans 3:21–26) 'If the final judgment will turn solely on the state of the heart, and this may be as good in the Gentile without as in the Jew within the sacred enclosure of God's covenant, what better are we Jews for all our advantages?' The apostle must conciliate that pride as far. ὅτι ἐπιστ. In any event, there is a believing Jewish remnant at the present time for which Paul is thankful and to which the early chapters of the book of Acts testifies (11:5; Acts 2:41, 47; 4:4). The first contains a brief statement and refutation of the jewish objections to the apostle's reasoning Romans 3:1-8. Other Forerunner Commentary entries containing Romans 3:1: Matthew 27:22-25 Romans 2:29 : Romans 3:2 >> The Berean: Daily Verse and Comment Sign up for the Berean: Daily Verse and Comment, and have Biblical truth delivered to your inbox. Paul has been articulating reasons for his strong conviction that Jews and Gentiles stand on equal ground before God. Romans 3:1. Prom. If we have trusted in him (3:21-26) we are saved and saved eternally (Rom 8:38-39). Since circumcision is unprofitable without observing the law, and since being a Jew outwardly is of no avail, what advantage does the latter possess, and of what profit is the former? Great is that people's privilege and mercy, who enjoy the word of God, the audible word in the holy scriptures, the visible word in the holy sacraments. This point is taken up at Romans 3:2— ὠφέλεια τῆς περιτομῆς, the profit of circumcision) See on this subject ch. 3 What if some were unfaithful? Chapter 9. Even if our sin demonstrates the righteousness of God, he is not unjust to inflict wrath on us (3:5-6). And the great drift from the whole is, to prove the absolute need of Christ; and the compleatness in Christ, in a way of a full, free, and finished justification. With such a negative analysis, one wonders whether there ever was any advantage in being a Jew. 6, 30), in whatever light the matter may be considered. must be regarded as the contents of revelation, having God as their author, and at the time when Paul wrote, identical with the O.T. God's promise to David, was an absolute unconditional promise, that of the fruit of his body, according to the flesh, he would raise up Christ to sit on his throne, Psalms 132:11; Acts 2:30. In these advantages, then, it is impossible to repose confidence. God’s true justice is the answer. God will be proven true and every man a liar (3:4). List one advantage that the Jews had over the Gentiles (Romans 3:2). The objection would … Verses Romans 3:1-8. Romans 2:24-26 Commentary. Romans 2:1-29 Chapter III. 2 Much in every way! Think of all the privileges granted by God to that nation--privileges in which other nations had no part.". Someone might try to argue that “if our unrighteousness demonstrates the righteousness of God, why is he still just when he inflicts wrath on us?” The obvious answer to this argument—an emphatic denial of its conclusion—comes forcefully in v. 6. All, with one voice, bearing testimony to one and the same fundamental truth; behold your God will come and save you! Those who think they can lie and do evil in order that God’s glory might be enhanced and good may result deserve condemnation (3:7-8). That by this general expression ( χρησμοὺς αὐτοίς ἄνωθεν κατηνεχθέντας, Chrysostom), which always receives its more precise definition from the context (Acts 7:38; Hebrews 5:12; 1 Peter 4:11; compare the passages from the Septuagint in Schleusner, Thes. The fact that God does not automatically bless circumcision does not mean that there is no value in being a Jew for the Jews have indeed been blessed, having receiving the very oracles of God (3:1-2). (3) For what if some did not believe? Understand The Blessing of Being a Christian (3:1-2), B. Romans Greeting. Greg is currently serving as Project Director for KnowingGod.org, 4. Chapter 12. God will be true to what he has said. The Gospel of Salvation—Paul’s Vocation (Romans 1:1–17) Our Need for Salvation in Life and Work (Romans 1:18–1:32) All Have Sinned (Romans 2–3) Judgment, Justice, and Faith (Romans 3) Judgment, the Source of Broken Relationships (Romans 3:1–20) God’s Justice Through Jesus, the Solution to Our False Judgments (Romans 3:21–26) Ecclesiasticus, τί περισσὸν τῷ ἀνθρώπῳ; what advantage has man? B. It takes the most beautiful gift of God and perverts it and mocks it. The second objection is, that God having promised to be the God of the Jews, their unfaithfulness, even if admitted, does not release him from his engagements, or make his promise of no effect, Romans 3:3. And while he observes, that their privileges were every way great, he mentions one, which indeed, more or less, comprehended in its bosom every other; namely, in having the Oracles of his holy Word, which so blessedly set forth, in type and shadow, as well as by absolute promise and prophecy, the coming of the Lord Jesus Christ. We most certainly should be, and indeed we will be. First of all, the Jews have been entrusted with the very words of God. When we step into Romans 4 we have to remember that we are coming to the final stages of an argument that has been unfolding since at least the middle of Romans 1. Romans 3:9-19 The law itself convinceth the Jews also universally of sin. Roman 1:1 Paul Do we ask why he writes Paul', since he was called ' Saul' before? Paul reserves strong language for those who follow this train of reasoning. God also provides salvation from the present power of sin in the redeemed sinner"s daily experience. i.e. Posted in | printer-friendly version » In view of what Paul had said, some may have concluded that there was no benefit in having a Jewish identity. The conclusion at which the apostle had arrived at the end of the preceding chapter was, that the Jews, no less than the Gentiles, are to be judged according to their works, and by their knowledge of the divine will; and that being thus judged, they are exposed to condemnation, notwithstanding their circumcision and all their other advantages. Or what profit is there of circumcision? II. A. These λόγια τ. θεοῦ are contained not merely in the prophets proper (Acts 3:24), but even in the Pentateuch (covenant with Abraham, the promise of Moses); yet the law is not meant, nor even jointly included (Matthias), against which Romans 3:3 testifies. The Book of Romans is among my favorites in the entire Bible. The earlier chapters lay a trail of man’s sinfulness, and establishes many … Romans 1:16-17 Reasons for not being ashamed of the Gospel. In Psalm 51 David humbly cries out to God for forgiveness because of his sin with Bathsheba. This enlighteneth the eyes, rejoiceth the heart, quickeneth the soul. 3:1-8 The law could not save in or from sins, yet it gave the Jews advantages for obtaining salvation. 84, 8, viii. As it is written: Romans 11:1-36 Chapter XII. B. Thus, it is entirely reasonable to argue that the Jews’ failure to believe the oracles of God is particularly evident in their failure to accept Christ—the Ultimate fulfillment of the promises contained in the oracles (Rom 10:4; 15:12). What then is the advantage of the Jew? 3:6 Absolutely not! For the first time (apart from 1:17) we receive hope for daylight, and not just a glimmer of the sun and the enjoyment of its heat, but the expectation of a bright, … Chapter 5. Romans 4:1-25 Chapter V. Romans 5:1-21 Chapter VI. Part I. Romans 3:1-20 Part II. Sirach and Romans 4:1-25: The Faith of Abraham — Mariam J. Kamell 7. I consider myself to be a slave of *Christ Jesus. The apostle denies the correctness of this inference from what he had said, and admits that the Jews have great advantages over all other people, Romans 3:2. (4) God forbid: yea, let God be true, but every man a liar; as it is written, That thou mightest be justified in thy sayings, and mightest overcome when thou art judged. What advantage then hath the Jew? having therefore started the question in the first verse, opens at once in the second, to give answer. The Reader may, if he please, accept the foregoing paragraph as if written within a parenthesis. But especially the Scriptures were … (Rom 3:1-2) The advantage of the Jewish people. The apostle points out the peculiar privileges of the Jews, Romans 3:1-8.But shows that they, also, as well as the Gentiles, had sinned, and forfeited all right and title to God's especial favor, Romans 3:9.The corrupt state of all mankind, Romans 3:10-18.All the world is guilty before God, and none can be justified by the works of the law, Romans 3:19, Romans 3:20.God's Mercy in providing … Home » Bible Commentaries » Comments on Romans. Chapter 11. John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, William Godbey's Commentary on the New Testament, Haldane's Exposition on the Epistle to the Romans and Hebrews, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Hodge's Commentary on Romans, Ephesians and First Corintians. And he begins with setting forth, the vast advantage the Jew had over the Gentile, notwithstanding the mercies themselves had, by their abuse of them, been much perverted. This is a specification, which is naturally introduced in view of the previous discussion (chap. List one advantage that the Jews had over the Gentiles (Romans 3:2). 1 What advantage then hath the Jew? Romans 7:1-25 Chapter VIII. The implication is that the glory of his righteousness is realized in ways it otherwise would not be. If, on the other hand, we have not trusted in Christ and have no personal relationship with him, we will be judged for our sin with eternal consequences (2 Thess 1:8-9; cf. Only here and Jude 1:16. The Jews had this special favour, to them were committed the Oracles of God; that is, the writings of Moses and the prophets. It is best to take the question, not as coming from an objector, which supposition has obscured several parts of this Epistle, but as asked by the Apostle himself, anticipating the thoughts of his reader. or what profit is there of circumcision? Will Jewish unbelief lead to God being unfaithful (3:3)? Paul refers here to the righteousness of God (θεου~ δικαιωσύνην, theou dikaiōsunēn). (EntityRef: expecting ';' at line 49, ... More Romans commentaries. If some did not believe, does their unbelief nullify the faithfulness of God? : however you choose to view the position. What advantage does the Jew have or what is the value of circumcision (3:1)? God's Faithfulness Shown in Keeping His … And who that reads so much of the out-pouring of the Spirit in the latter day dispensation, upon all flesh; can hesitate to conclude, but that the leading design for which such grace was foretold, was that the minds of the people in the Church of God, might be led to discover, under his Almighty teaching, sweet features of the Person, Godhead, and Ministry, of the Eternal Spirit?, Joel 2:28, with Acts 2:17; 1Co 12 throughout. Bible Commentary for Romans 3:1. οὖν, ‘quæ cum ita sint.’ If true Judaism and true circumcision be merely spiritual, what is the profit of external Judaism and ceremonial circumcision? II. 3 What advantage, then, is there in being a Jew, or what value is there in circumcision? Why am I still judged as a sinner when my lie enhances the glory of God (3:7)? then the eyes of the blind shall be opened, and the ears of the deaf unstopped!, Isaiah 35:4-5; Luke 4:16-21. And, I hope it may be found useful. Romans 2:27-29 Commentary. This book has caused many to come to saving faith as they are walked down the Roman Road of Romans 3:23, Romans 6:23 and many others. This twisting is so sinful Paul saves it for last, because it is beyond the depravity of the pagan (Romans 1:24-32), beyond the hypocrisy of the moralist (Romans 2:1-5), and beyond the false confidence of the Jew (Romans 2:17-29). Romans 3:3,4 which is not vacated by the unbelief of some. It’s text, from the book of Proverbs, may stand as the most fitting testimony to Darwin’s greatness: ‘Happy is the man that findeth wisdom, and getteth understanding. 3) of the Jew, i.e. THIS chapter consists of three parts. Philo … Nonetheless, there were certain Jews who had accused Paul of actually teaching this doctrine. What does the Jew have over and above the Gentile? ‘What advantage then does the Jew have? b. Chapter 10. PREVIOUS CHAPTER - NEXT CHAPTER - HELP - FB - TWITTER - GR VIDEOS - GR FORUMS - GR YOUTUBE . 3:3 What then? 8, 2, and generally Locella, a(737) Xen. There Is Advantage and Value in Being a Jew (3:1-2), II. “overflows” “abounds”) the truth to his glory. Romans 2:25-29). Table of Contents. She is more precious than rubies, and all the things that thou canst desire are not to be compared to her.’”. But while Paul says that it is true that our unrighteousness magnifies and makes visible the sterling character of God, it does not follow in any way, shape, or form, that we should not therefore be judged as a sinner. 3:8 The punctuation in this verse is difficult to establish with certainty, but the NET Bible has admirably captured what is perhaps the best rendering. Neither is he referring to forensic justification or the status of those whom God saves by the power of the gospel. ‘What is the advantage of the Jew? He answers it, Romans 3:2 saying, The advantage is much every way; but chiefly because unto them were committed the oracles of God: That is, the holy scriptures contained in the Old Testament, that sacraments and seals of the covenant, the prophecies and promises of the Messiah, and the whole revelation of the word and will of God, were then found with them, and in their hands only. (Witham). God, who inflicts wrath, is not unrighteous, is he (3:5)? The most obvious objection in the mind of a Jew to this conclusion must have been, that it was inconsistent with the acknowledged privileges and superiority of his nation. Rom 1:18-20). Romans 3:1–8 contains a series of questions which might have come from someone opposed to Paul's teaching in Romans 2. As first, that the words of God, those divine oracles, revelations, promises in the Scriptures, were credited or intrusted to them. This does not entail the idea of “running around” looking for others’ sin, but it does mean staying close to the Lord and keeping a clean slate before him, both in the church and in the world (Ephesians 5:3; 1 Peter 3:15-16)! 4 Not at all! Mark Dunagan Commentary on the Bible. This would amuse, and at the same time instruct him, and possibly cool his resentment; especially as the Apostle's answer to the first question is much in his favour. God considered it a trust and took the risk to give Israel a revelation of himself and his purposes. As in our purposes, so in our desires, we must remember to say, If the Lord will, James 4:15. L et’s take a close look at Romans chapter 3 and study it together and add some personal commentary to it. In a similar way, it is still asked by carnal professors of Christianity, Of what use is obedience to the law of God or the observance of His ordinances, if they do not save the soul, or contribute somewhat to this end? Paul says that the Jew talked a better game than he ever played, thus he will be shown to have been a liar. 3:5-6 In 3:5 Paul anticipates what one of his Jewish friends might say and frames the objection in light of a purely human argument, that is, an argument that sounds typical of the kinds of things men say in general. as possible, without surrendering a particle of Christianity. Chapter 2. This objection the apostle here presents; the answer follows in the next verse: περισσός, over and above, abundant; and in a comparative sense better, and substantively, as in the present instance, excellence, pre-eminence. Chapter 15. Romans 3:1, NASB: "Then what advantage has the Jew? Compare αἱ ἐπαγγελίαι, Romans 9:4. The Special Claim of the Jew. Romans 1:18-3:20speaks profoundly and frankly into the issue of human sin and responsibility. suggests that such an enumeration of Jewish prerogatives might have been made here as is given at length in Romans 9:4 f. In point of fact, Paul mentions one only, in which the whole force of the Jewish objection to the arguments of chap. The Lord must be justified in his sayings. In the LXX the word occurs mainly as the equivalent of , which in various passages (e.g., Psalms 119:38) has the sense of “promise”; in ordinary Greek it means “oracle,” the Divine word given at a shrine, and usually referring to the future; hence it would be natural in using it to think of the prophetic rather than the statutory element in the O.T., and this is what is required here. Romans 3:20 so that no flesh is justified by the deeds of the law. Romans 1:32 Commentary. This includes blessing Israel as well as judging her, as the subsequent quotation from Ps 51:4 indicates (Ps 51:6 MT). God Is Faithful and True No Matter What (3:3), III. Translation of Romans. ii. 2, p. 114 f.), Paul means here κατʼ ἐξοχὴν the Messianic prophetic-utterances, is shown by Romans 3:3, where the ἀπιστία of the Jews leaves no room for mistake as to the contents of the λόγια. Commentary on Romans 1:8-15 (Read Romans 1:8-15) We must show love for our friends, not only by praying for them, but by praising God for them. But then it would have broken in too much upon the Apostle's argument: for which reason he but just touches upon it here, reserving the full consideration of it to the 9th, 10th, and 11th chapters; particularly ch. On the connection of thought, see above. I could not suppress the thought, which involuntarily arose in my mind, from the view, of the sacred Oracles having been all along deposited with Israel, for this among other purposes. Please leave your own comment so that we can all learn from one another. Romans 8:1-39 Chapter IX. From: To: OR Custom Selection: Use semicolons to separate groups: 'Gen;Jdg;Psa-Mal' or 'Rom 3-12;Mat 1:15;Mat 5:12-22' KJV King … And thus the Apostle very solidly, and to our great comfort, proves, that we Gentiles, through faith alone, have a good and firm title to all the blessings of the Gospel covenant; pardon, privileges, ordinances, the Spirit of God, and the rich hope of everlasting life. What advantage then has the Jew, or KJV NKJV NLT NIV ESV CSB NASB. But the Poor Man's Commentary is designed for a very different class, James 2:5. 1. The previous statement of the Apostle might then be injurious to the doctrine of the Gospel, by rendering him more odious in the eyes of his countrymen, and therefore he had good reasons for fully encountering and answering this objection. The, & c. profit surprise, he is referring to God for forgiveness because of the church Rome... 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