0000006928 00000 n The branchlets are stout, green at first and covered with rusty down, later smooth and brown. It is a deer-resistant tree. United States, DC, Washington, USDA ARS National Arboretum. Description American holly normally grows to heights of 15 to 30 feet tall, but records indicate mature heights of up to 100 feet. H�tTMs�0��W��2nf���ĉ[s�xr��q��GjH���wW�� 6��k���>~��j*`Y1 A comparison of the leaves of different hollies. Common Name(s): American Holly Tree. Attributes. endstream endobj 132 0 obj<>/Size 105/Type/XRef>>stream Look at the tree bark’s color, texture and pattern. The holly tree’s growth period takes place in spring and summer, with the green-white blooms appearing between April and June. Russian olive tree bark is red-brown and fissured, with long strips peeling off of it. The upper blade surface is yellowish green or green and somewhat shiny, while the lower surface is more pale and dull; both sides of the blade are hairless. However, there are also smaller twigs that extend from the central branch and also bear leaves. Male trees pollinate female trees. They are 6-12 mm in diameter and are usually red in color. Holly bark is light gray or white. 0000009447 00000 n The leaves of American holly are stiff and dark green, with sharp points on the margins. Yields red, berry-like fruit popular with a variety of birds (but somewhat toxic for humans). USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). Flower: Species is dioecious; dull green-white, male flowers on 3 to 7 flowered cymes, female flowers are solitary with a pleasant odor, appearing in late spring. Features leathery leaves that are 2–4" long, maintain their green color year-round, and are sharply tipped on the margins. Description American Holly is an evergreen tree that may grow 40 to 60 feet tall. ©J.S. While the American holly normally maintains heights between 15 and 25 feet, it can reach heights of up to 60 feet when grown in a sufficiently moist location. The American Indians used preserved holly berries as decorative buttons and were much sought after by other tribes who bartered for them. They ripen from September to December and remain on the tree for the winter. American holly is a broad-leaved evergreen tree reaching 40 to 50 feet high, densely pyramidal in youth becoming more open and symmetrically conical with age. 0000004647 00000 n The bark is smooth and a light white-grey color. �,E�K��i& �b~F[~ �����Hs1��n�*��T� �a`����2 �#� Holly trees have small protrusions of wood within their bark giving it a knotted look. Typically, its trunk diameter reaches 50 cm (20 in), sometimes up to 120 cm (47 in). 0000011885 00000 n However, male flowers appear in clusters, where as female flowers appear singlularly along the branches. <<9BD6AFD2BA0F05469FE443F704F2AD74>]>> The spiny dark green, evergreen, 2- t… Some distinctive things about this tree are the oblong-shaped leaves and thick, square-like bark. Larger trees, to a maximum of 100 feet by 4 feet, have been recorded. American holly : Ilex opaca. Since the tree grows slowly, the wood is hard and was once … Plants grow best in low, acid pH soils in part shade. Weighing in at about 36 lbs. This species is easily identified because it is the only native U.S. h… Holly trees are dioecious, meaning they have male and female flowers. Author: Sara Tangren, Ph.D. A pyramid-shaped evergreen tree with spines on its foliage, American holly blooms in May or June (depending on where you live). 105 29 June 13, 2002. endstream endobj 122 0 obj<>stream There are beech trees along the Nature Trail that have been abused in this way. It can be found as far north as northern New Jersey and southern Connecticut, and its range extends down to Florida. Description, photos and flowering time of American holly in Arkansas. In color, they are glossy and green, and they remain green through the winter season. This article originally appeared in the February 2014 issue of the HGIC eNewsletter. Its prickly leaves are a dark green color. They can grow well even in shady conditions, and often occupy the understory of forests. �Ke����)���@u!��9���_gOe�(~�轵"������ 0000014555 00000 n American holly. 0000000892 00000 n American holly Aquifoliaceae Ilex opaca Aiton symbol: ILOP Leaf: Alternate, simple, evergreen, elliptical, 2 to 4 inches long, spiny toothed margin, thickened and leathery, shiny dark green above, much paler below. 0000025200 00000 n x�bb�g`b``��� �� The bark is light gray, roughened by small warty lumps. On the poor soils of coastal beaches, this holly may never exceed shrub size. �W.�nDz�-p&^#�ü��ܖ1�4v�0ញA��jb�(��R�6+�^� 0�=���GT8���ET��^��J��w��2�[��E�^cb�w"�-P�#1@K���8�D]�d�e�J�=�o��,)��X(h_�� :����~�ݣL���X�CZ�X&pw���ơ6�$_]�Ԩ�p�#f��(K�Uы�p0���GW,f��� ����2y�� I do not know if it is a male or female. American holly are unique in their vast range; they are native from southern Massachusetts to central Florida, and can be found as far west as eastern Texas. American holly is a small- to medium-sized evergreen tree or shrub, with short, crooked branches and a rounded or pyramidal crown. American holly is one of the easiest trees to recognize. �;Or ��E�$��4HI��=~�g��-Z�A#�r� �ܠ:+ !L�A�@�mn{�ZɝL'/�l���]Q�8�s�q�`n��5�T�[!\}�q�=�Z�Lm�g. 105 0 obj <> endobj (���50K��j1}W��P��s&��cq�H���w��q��9oz����?�Ç���Iӧ@w�v\Bv _�xW�\Y%i��s�}�!�6�!93f��(e���W�Zck�I��H%�D�J#q�>PF��x����l���J���T��贻�m���]��%�55��ל�l2`n���ƥ���5�����0����r��6�i�Sݖu�["�7=�[��ڭձ���Ч⧓{��S���8T�@S�zm�����O�a>�6�� j�%7qOH�J��Ե<1�rc�i���;ʺvg�a�39`Ŗf�ݣ�A���b'W�lT��1��ց�/��5�A�#��ǡv�H�I�`�;|�X8�̈́���Ʀ����k�Dܓ\�I� ��I�����F����5�m��-��&�ܾ��l��!��" q]��l�:�9]7.��߀ܘ��u7�7����Rc+W�j(�PR�'�^ w`�{g�0 ����e���JDj�`/� �0 �a�B Description: This single-trunked tree is typically 30-60' tall at maturity, forming a rounded pyramidal crown from a dense network of short crooked branches. Branch bark is also light green and relatively smooth. per cubic foot dry, holly rates as moderately heavy and hard, but not strong. Its trunk can reach a diameter of 20 inches. Ilex opaca is a medium-sized broadleaved evergreen tree growing on average to 10–20 m (33–66 ft) tall, and up to 30 m (98 ft) tall. The winter buds are brown, short, obtuse or acute. When the snow piles up and the mercury spirals down, American holly (Ilex opaca) takes center stage in the native landscape. Description: American Holly is a wildlife-friendly evergreen tree with dark green, spine-tipped leaves and light gray bark. endstream endobj 124 0 obj<>stream This tree seems to occur either as solitary individuals or thickly with no in-between. xref 0000001190 00000 n American holly is a beautifully shaped tree, with a symmetrical, dense, wide pyramidal form. 0 It has a tendency toward horizontal growth, which gives it a pyramid shape. Leaves are alternate, simple, thick, leathery, elliptical, 1½ to 3 inches long; wavy-edged with large, sharp, spine-tipped teeth; upper surface dark green, dull, smooth; lower surface paler green, smooth to somewhat hairy. x�b```a`` a`e`��� Ȁ �@16�,� 6,Һ3^�)&��`���x�Q�b? After fermentation, the bark can be used as a bug repellent. The plant will not flower until it is between four to seven years old. �T�vv �b�N����ֵ�/r�&��̼��B�\�ռ���B��`���q,��,�C��Ɨ�[7����p-#�����涨}��aV��;�P��F�Ю��{��p���]\�m�8��S�ѧp�}���A�n�祟x�sZ-h��)���e�.ǨL+�lڕ�4�e!�bU��� W�av/`��N%�' Flat and gray and often has patches of lichen mature heights of up to 100 feet by 4,! 150 years to mature thin lichen that appears as curved black lines is flat gray!, Ilex opaca ) takes Center stage in the tree 's southern range, starts. Occur either as solitary individuals or thickly with no in-between teeth, dull green above and yellow-green beneath ( )! 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