Individuals range from five to eight feet in length and weigh 80-180 pounds (females are smaller). Cougars are opportunistic predators and will take prey of varying sizes up to and including young moose. The eastern cougar is known by many names-panther, painter, puma, mountain lion, or carcajou. Though the government states the species is extinct, hundreds of sightings are still reported on a daily basis, particularly after the 2011 sighting of a mountain lion in Greenwich, Conn. Range. The map from that publication is shown below, with the current mountain lion range in green and confirmed mountain lion locations as black dots. More common on the western side of North America than the eastern side, they range as far south as southern South America - in fact, wherever their chief prey, deer, is present. Western populations of cougar appear stable, and while the cougar has virtually disappeared from eastern Canada, there are signs that it may be moving east and repopulating former ranges. The cougar (also known as mountain lion, panther, painter, catamount, puma, and other names) was once one of the most widely distributed mammals in the Western Hemisphere. Eastern cougars once roamed as far north as southeastern Ontario, southern Quebec and New Brunswick in Canada; south to South Carolina; and west to Kentucky, Illinois and Michigan, according to the New Hampshire Wildlife Journal. Eastern Cougar - Felis concolor cougar. Both deer and cougars like dense vegetation. But European colonization essentially extirpated the cats from about two thirds of their habitat in the U.S., and it’s been more than 100 years since they’ve had a presence in midwestern or eastern states. The cougar has one of the largest ranges of any mammal in the western hemisphere. This is about 127 miles from where the April 24 photo was captured in Delta County. This subspecies includes populations in western Canada, the western United States, Florida, Mexico and Central America, and possibly South America northwest of the Andes Mountains. There is a small population in Florida, a subspecies known as the Florida panther. Is there actual evidence of mountain lions living in the eastern US? Despite its wide range, the puma is poorly understood and thought to be declining overall. It is officially listed as an endangered species by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) and receives full protection in Nova Scotia. Our History. In Canada, the range of the cougar was over much of British Columbia, across southern Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario and Québec to New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. It has speed and agility and is a Eastern Cougar North Carolina Wildlife Profiles Range Map Sadly, extinct for many years. Download a printable version of this page . Over most of its range the cougar's primary wild prey is deer. Eastern cougars were thought to be competitors for game animals such as white-tailed deer and would sometimes kill livestock. I’ve received a lot of worried messages and comments on social media about the recent U.S. This led them to believe that … The male that made it to Connecticut likely went nort Adult male cougars roam widely, covering a home range of 50 to 150 square miles, depending on the age of the cougar, the time of year, type of terrain, and availability of prey. Cougar Rewilding Foundation is a 501(c)(3) non-profit, science-based, volunteer-run conservation organization dedicated to the recovery of cougars (pumas, mountain lions) to all of their former range east of the Rockies. Range. Eastern Canada once had a population of cougars (also referred to as mountain lions) that inhabited a vast region, stretching from Ontario to the Maritimes. Occasionally, livestock and domestic dogs are also taken as prey. The cats were hunted until only their ghosts remained. The eastern cougar is not extinct, it never existed–here is a mountain lion from the west, which genetics confirm is as much an eastern cougar as those cats that historically roamed New England. Between the 1790s and 1890s, their range contracted significantly. The last confirmed records of the Eastern Cougar’s existence were in 1938 in Maine. Most of the cougar population may be found in western Canada, but it has been seen across the Prairies, southern Ontario, Quebec and New Brunswick. 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