catch was dominated by miscellaneous group followed by Cyprinus carpio and Oreochromis niloticus. 50,001-60,00/ha/year for 34% of fish farmers. The Ganga is a major river of the Indian subcontinent rising in the Himalaya Mountains and flowing about 2,510 km (1,560 mi) generally eastward through a vast plain to the Bay of Bengal. A one-stop-shop for seeing the latest updates, and managing your preferences. Among humans, the fishing community knows the river and its ways unlike anyone else. The size composition of C. carpio varied from 10.4 to 69.7 cm while O. niloticus from 10.4-44.5 cm size groups rephrase. The catch data indicated towards a significant decline in Indigenous species and immediate need to address the restoration and conservation for stock of Indian major carps. communis and O. niloticus are frequently recorded in the Ganga river. This green and fertile valley is 250 km in length and stretches its way from Muzaffarabad all the way to Athmuqam and beyond to Taobutt.It is one of the most attractive tourists places, like Swat and Chitral, but due to poor road system is yet veiled to the outside world. The maximum growth rate was recorded in 1+ age group (18.96 cm) and minimum in 8+age group (2.72 cm).The age groups 2+ to10+ showed that the growth rate as 7.16 cm, 4.71 cm, 6.47 cm, 4.11cm, 4.4 cm, 5.24 cm, 6.33cm and 5.4 cm, respectively. The respondents were 68% in Basti district and 76% in Gonda District. Cyprinus carpio and Oreochromis niloticus are the most commercially exploited fishes in the Yamuna River, India. We promise to deliver quality journalism that stays away from vested interest and political propaganda. effects, therefore it is important to look towards plant based phytotherapies. The Ganga river also offers ample opportunity for Tourism Development. Framework and sustainable audit for the assessing of the Ganga river ecosystem health at Allahabad,... Biodiversity: The Non-natives Species Versus the Natives Species and Ecosystem Functioning, Biodiversity: The non-natives species versus the natives species and ecosystem functioning. The people living all along river Kishan Ganga /Neelum river are called as Dards and speak Shina language. All links below take you to pages on the fishbase.org site. The feeling of ‘backwardness’ among a community as marginalised as theirs, is not limited to the socio-political reality, but includes their shared ecology with river animals. According to abundance, Cyprinus carpio and Oreochromis niloticus were powerfully invaded in the Paisuni river. The report, Ganga Rejuvenation Basin Management Programme (GRBMP), submitted in March 2015, says that instead of establishing a few projects on the stretch of the Ganga, the whole river basin—that is all the states coming under the main stem of Ganga and its tributaries—must come under the ambit of the programme. Find mobile-friendly version of articles from the day's newspaper in one easy-to-read list. The bell shaped age pyramid was recorded that revealed the abundance of 3+ age group of L. calbasu in the river Yamuna. A recent study found that increased ship traffic and dredging are stressing the dolphins and changing how they communicate. Naresh continues, “Otters are not animals, they are people. Ganga is called by many names like Bhagirathi, Jahnavi, Tripathiga, Mandakini, Vishnupadi, Devanadi, and Sursri. Many ecological parameters like dissolved oxygen conductivity indicated that the river health is … From April 2015 through March 2016, a sum of 326 fishes containing 167 males and 119 females were examined. Bhagirathi River at Gangotri (one of the two headstreams of Ganga) | By Atarax42 – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, Link. Net income was between Rs. This unique fishing locally called PATA JAL MACH DHORA. There are 16 blocks in Gonda district. The maximum production of fishes (2462.18 kg/ha/year) was recorded with six species combination in respondents ponds in both districts. For over 100 years, they were oppressed under a private fishing and boat-ferrying regime, based on extracting rents and taxes from fishing communities on the Ganga. I would want to be a river dolphin in my next life — there are more people who care for it.”. Welcome drink was served and few of us got cold towels ( the fresh towels ran out of stock). PMC 2946570. The examination of annual data on fish landing showed that the estimated annual Cypriniformes and Cyprinidae were the most rich fish species order and family in all sites. Fisherman on the Ganga, Varanasi India. Abundance was dominated by Eutropiichthys vacha compared to Clupisoma garua and Sperata seenghala. Concerned over the dwindling numbers of the fish in Ganga, the government-run National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) has embarked on an ambitious, technology-aided project to help conserve and increase the natural stock of hilsa in the river. It is nothing new for him, having fished in the Ganga for over 30 years. “Make no mistake,” warns Nishad while we eat fried fish, “one day we are all going to be this fish.” For Nishad and his fisher clan living in the Naugachhia town, fish are both animate and inanimate—they live only to be caught. The availability of fish also means that the water of the Ganga has good amount of … In the stock, sex structure of male and female was recorded 48.70% and 51.30, respectively. A select list of articles that match your interests and tastes. And the fate of their counterparts, the river animals, is not very different. Further the deterioration in habitat conditions lead to depletion in sensitive native species and invasion of exotic fishes. The heavy silt load in the river Ganga due to fish scales may be used as a reliable bio-indicators various anthropogenic activities cause mechanical assessment of water pollution and may also initiate the injury to the fish scales and gills. An investigation was conducted from 2001 to 2005 for determining the residual concentration of five pesticides, viz., total-HCH, total-DDT, total-Endosulfan, Dimethoate and Malathion in fish samples collected from various points of the river Ganga. The size composition of C. mrigala varied from 19.2 to 92.4 cm. As a subscriber, you are not only a beneficiary of our work but also its enabler. Visited on 21 February 2020 We took the Walawwa Madu River Safari and the arrangement was done very well. The fisherwomen of Bhagalpur in Bihar know their reach of the Ganga as a married goddess and sister river to six other rivers. New Delhi: Lovers of hilsa, the fish considered a big delicacy in most Bengali households, have some good news to look forward to. Current ecosystem functioning is favour to non-native species from the Paisuni river. Their stock and density from the Paisuni river are helping to fishermen community for their livelihood and malnutrition as well as poor men malnutrition. In case of Indian major carps, Cirrhinus mrigala shared maximum contribution. Analysis of the annual data on fish landing showed that Oreochromis niloticus and Cyprinus carpio have powerfully invaded the site due to poor water quality in the lower stretch of the Yamuna River at Allahabad in a big way. There is no particular harmony of any sort, but there is no inexorable animosity either. The male was dominant in 0+, 1+, 2+ and 4+ age groups while female was dominant in 3+, 5+, 6+ 7+and 8+ age groups. The 91.1 to 97.0 cm fishes shared very little proportion in the exploitation. The fisherwomen of Bhagalpur in Bihar know their reach of the Ganga as a married goddess and sister river to six other rivers. Bio-Diversity Conservation:- Several Bio-Diversity conservation projects are namely: Biodiversity Conservation and Ganga Rejuvenation, Fish and Fishery Conservation in Ganga River, Ganges River Dolphin Conservation Education Programme has been initiated. To return to mongabay use one of the following links: In this video you will see traditional fishing in ganga river. The Ganga River in northern India is of great importance because its water is used for human and cattle consumption, power generation, fish production and irrigation and for pilgrimage. This species has got a low fecundity indicated that this species possess a comparatively lower reproductive potential, making it more vulnerable to the fishing operation. It is mid-April and the river surface is glaring hotly at us. The total length of the river from its origin in Indian part of Kashmir till its point of confluence is 245 kms ,with 50 kms of its stretch in Indian part and 195 kms in the POK. Pollution threatens many fish species and amphibian species and the endangered Ganges river dolphin (Blind Dolphin). Fish assemblages are an important component of aquatic ecosystems. The river Ganga originates from the Gangotri glacier at Gomukh (30°36′ N; 79°04′ E) in the Uttar Kashi district of Uttarakhand province in India, at an altitude of about 3800 m above mean sea level in the Garhwal Himalaya ().The length of the main channel from the traditional source of the Gangotri glacier in India is about 2550 km. The writer studies river biodiversity and fisheries in Bihar’s Gangetic floodplains. Exploitation is an economic activity governed by social needs and pressures. The metarhithronic zone is … The Ganga River ecosystem is the lifeline of over 500 million people in the Indian sub-continent (Singh and Singh, 2007). But among animals, they feel they are lag behind: nothing can match a wild animal’s instincts. Tremendous alterations have been registered on the river Ganga due to multifarious stressor operating on it. The samples were collected monthly during the period June 2011 to May 2013. The rhetoric that “the Mallah fisherman will survive only if the dolphin survives” may be subject to ecological scrutiny, but carries major political traction in the conservation politics of the place. 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