Objective: To deliver a global platform to understand best-practices, discuss reforms, and inform strategies for accelerating investments into the Indian Oil and Gas value chain. This article will talk about key findings of World Development Report 2020 for IAS 2021 preparation. They can be thought of a large-scale extension of division of labour dating back to Adam Smith’s time. Global Value Chains. A 1% increase in GVC participation is estimated to boost per capita income levels by more than 1% - about twice as much as conventional trade. Supply Chain Management and COVID-19 – UPSC . Characteristics of 4.0 Major turbulence for Service Sector: While Globalization 1.0, 2.0 and 3.0 were mainly a concern of people who made/manufactured products for a living (since globalization focused on things that we made), Globalization 4.0 … Download free notes PDF for UPSC exam. India has to ensure a quick export-import clearance system to promote domestic manufacturers to become part of the global value chain (GVC). The world economy is increasingly embedded in Global Value Chains (GVCs). Context: In the lead-up to India pulling out of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP), some trade experts had been of the view that ignoring the RCEP would be a big mistake by India. We need Indian firms to be part of the global value chain by attracting multinational enterprises and foreign investors in labour-intensive manufacturing, which will facilitate R&D, branding, exports, etc. Today, almost 50% of global … It was variously called New Globalization, Hyper globalization, Global value chain evolution. • Theme: “Trading for Development in Age of Global Value Chains” • 2020 report examines whether there is still a path to development through Global Value Chains (GVCs) and trade. Learn about Global Value Chains (GVCs) - focus of the WDR 2021. Group 3: (Chemicals, … World Development Report is published by the World Bank. Current FTAs - Few economists have argued that by not signing the RCEP, Indian exporters would miss on exporting to RCEP countries. There is a need to aggressively reduce both tariffs and non-tariff barriers on imports of inputs and intermediate products. Global Supply Chain Politics | UPSC : Global supply chain was disrupted by COVID-19 but still few countries managed to dominate.Discuss Meanwhile, although the rising significance of GVCs increases the importance of removing both export and import restrictions, the willingness of nations to cooperate in that regard is at an ebb, noticeably regarding Deep Preferential Trade … The event also grows in stature with the rise of India, the world’s third-largest energy consumer, which is likely to see over $300 billion … Also, we must create mega component hubs through special economic zones, from where components needed by domestic firms may be imported in bulk. That’s because of the fragmented nature of global trade which is best captured in the phrase “Global Value Chain”. • Value Chain – It refers to the full life cycle of a product or process, including material sourcing, production, consumption and … Along with the FTA, the factors based on which the effects can be analysed are exports, investments, integration into the global value chain (GVC) and domestic industry. Context: UPSC GS Paper III - Economic issues (Prelims Mains Interview) A key lesson learnt by the world during the COVID-19 pandemic has been the importance of creating resilient supply chains that can withstand disruptions and ensure reliability for the global economy. Global value chains (GVCs) powered an economic revolution over the past three decades: growth accelerated, incomes rose, and poverty rates plunged. 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