It’s strongly recommended that you get impact-resistant flashlights and stay away from anything that seems flimsy to anticipate future mishandlings. Plenty bright, and the brightest AAA right-angle light currently on the market. "@type": "ImageObject", "url": "https://mk0shootingmyst008bi.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/Shootinglogo.png" For security reasons? Some people say it’s a good idea to prioritize 200-Lumen flashlights for ordinary uses, but how about 200 Lumens? © 2020 All Rights Reserved by Shooting Mystery, Every house owner appreciates a quality flashlight, but what kind of light output is best? A decade ago, 100-lumen flashlights were considered bright enough for soldiers and police officers. The higher the Lumen rating, the brighter the source appears, so you could think of Lumen rating as a way to determine light output. Before we get onto our flashlight recommendations, it’s worth mentioning a few points that can help you choose the right one for you. Sometimes, we need to take some time out away from our busy life schedules to enjoy such a magical moment with our partner. Brightness is the biggest one. "keywords": ["how bright is 200 lumens"], Remember that the brighter and more powerful the flashlight, the faster it will drain that battery. They’re also needed for activities like caving. These powerful flashlights are mainly used by the emergency services, the construction industry and for security. The Manker E02 is a right-angle flashlight. Specific models even have a rechargeable battery, which should save you a good deal of money in the long run. It is a pretty complex equation to find out exactly how many lumens a flashlight is. If you have 1 candle 1 foot away from your face, it emits the same amount of light as 1 lumen. "@type": "ImageObject", 1000+ lumens. We’ll cover what lumens are, why lumens aren’t the only measurement that counts and what you should bear in mind before buying your new flashlight. it is hard to describe by words, why not to buy an infinite bright flashlight to compare. As an example, a 100-lumen light bulb will only provide around the amount of light that you would expect from a flashlight or a solar-paneled walkway light. "datePublished": "2020-12-10", What is a Lumen? Forget all the numbers---what it does outside in the dark is what counts. how bright is a 1000 lumen flashlight, 1000 lumens. There are many choices regarding Lumen ratings in the flashlight market, from 20 Lumens (enough for reading) to 2.000 Lumens (able to illuminate your vicinity), and even beyond. UltraFire have lots of portable mini flashlights that are 1000 lumens or close to 1000 lumens. Why Is This? Does the flashlight have multiple output modes? The energy consumption rate of a 200 Lumens model is also fairly reasonable, so you don’t have to get replacement batteries too frequently. "@type": "Organization", When looking for a new tactical flashlight, you should never pay less than $50 because the product you’ll be buying is likely to be made of low-quality materials, won’t provide the performance you’re looking for and are likely to break much faster than you’d like. When you’re shopping for a new flashlight, you’ve probably come across the word ‘lumens’ to refer to its brightness. "image": { It provides robust and reliable lighting for a wide variety of situations. A 2x AA battery 10 lumens flashlight can give you a full day run time. - For LED, Flashlight (2020)", Remember that by changing the flashlight operating mode, the battery runtime should change as well. The light boasts 365 yards, 27 more than the original, and … If you’d like to buy a really bright flashlight, there are a few things you should consider before making your purchase. Put simply, lumens are a measure of a flashlight’s light output, which means they are the unit that measures how much light is actually coming out of the lens. One lumen is about the same brightness as a one birthday candle from a distance of one foot from you. That means the light output of 200-Lumen flashlights, in general, should be around a quarter of most 60, There are a lot of criteria, besides light output, to think about while shopping for a flashlight. There are a lot of criteria, besides light output, to think about while shopping for a flashlight. When you buy through links on our site, we may earn an affiliate commission. H. ere are some things that you need to keep in mind to get the best deal possible at the store: If you intend to take the flashlight into the great outdoors, make sure that your flashlight has a high. How Bright is a Lumen? Take a good look at the information below, and you should be able to make a wise flashlight investment. In the middle of nowhere, you need your stuff to be as compact as possible so you could move freely. Most of the flashlights for camping and hiking come in at between 10-100 lumens, depending on whether you’re simply looking for a lightweight help for emergencies or if you want to cast your light further. Although lumens are a really useful tool to use, the brightness of your flashlight doesn’t just depend on lumens. Though you could always get a basic 200-Lumen flashlight, it doesn’t hurt to consider models designed with more than one operating mode. This flashlight is incredibly bright and can shine up to 656 feet or 200 meters. Flashlights range from under $20 to over $200, yet they may be the same size. Most of UltraFire flashlights use CREE LED bulbs, which are famous by high quality and long life time. Lux is the brightness divided by the area it covers. For what? What exactly is a Lumen anyway, and why are most commercial flashlights often marketed with their Lumen rating? It’s also about the quality of the reflector that’s tucked inside of your flashlight because this is what influences how the light is dispersed. This is a good brightness for a pocket (1x AAA, 1x AA) flashlight or headlamp. "name": "Shooting Mystery", as of December 29, 2020 2:58 am . Check how many lumens your flashlight offers plus how well the reflector performs, the width of the beam and any other features. [ When comparing flashlights, it is important to check that the lumens rating follows the ANSI FL1 standard. ], At the higher end of the market, they can cover up to 250 meters and also work well for both security and tactical use. And that’s why you should take a good look at the profile of available flashlights before deciding what model to bring to the counter. NOTE: Run times and viewing distance will change in relation to the light s dimming function. An average 100 lumens flashlight is able to provider 5 -10 hours runtime using 2x AA battery. Bright: Last but certainly not least, one of the best things about 1,000 lumens flashlights is without a doubt the level of brightness they provide. If you’re simply reading a book at home or for helping when you have a power cut, you don’t need a bright flashlight. You might not even need the higher lumen output, especially if battery power is a factor. Buy Now Amazon.com. If you intend to take the flashlight into the great outdoors, make sure that your flashlight has a high water resistance rating (IPX). Depending on what you plan to use your flashlight for, you’ll also need to consider battery life. This is more than enough for those simple, close tasks such as reading, finding the lock on your car in the dark or hunting down your favorite snacks in your tent. If you’d like to buy a really bright flashlight, there are a few things you should consider before making your purchase. And how do you understand what are lumens in light bulbs and light fixtures? "width": "1000", It’s surely nice to have a multi-functional flashlight around, but too many features could also complicate the control layout. Flashlights for camping have to be light but keep in mind that you must not compromise the durability/resistance criterion. "url": "https://mk0shootingmyst008bi.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/02/Depositphotos_10234575_s-2019.jpg" } (This is because there will be less light ‘interference’, you only need to see a limited distance and space through which the light needs to travel will be smaller. Although it’s difficult to compare watts and lumens directly, we want to share some guidelines on understanding the relationship between them. This one does not have a manual focus but still is very effective. With numerous 200-Lumen flashlights available for purchase, you could find it challenging to obtain the right product. Many of these UltraFire flashlights have beam range of 150 to 200 meters. For when you go camping and hiking? "@type": "Article", Generally speaking, Lumen is a unit used to measure the total amount of visible light emitted from a particular source. A traditional 60 Watt light bulb possesses a Lumen rating of 800 to 850 or so. My preferred choice is the Wowtac W1 with around 500 lumens and the XP-G2 LED. What are the differences? Whether it’s a lanyard, holster, or a belt clip, the accompanying accessories should help you determine which flashlight is the best bargain. A 900 lumen light with a reasonable spot focus should do likewise. "logo": { 200 LUMEN LED FLASHLIGHT ... ¥ Light will continue to dim/brighten between 100% and 10% until button is released. That said, if the 90,000 Lumen flashlight is naively built and is actually only 45,000 Lumens, it’s equivalent to about 30 ordinary car headlights. We’re about to share with you what you need to consider before you invest in a tactical flashlight plus our five favorite pro-quality tactical flashlights. If you’re planning to use your flashlight in low light conditions, a really bright flashlight could be as low as 25 lumens. That means a bulky flashlight is a no-go as it would take up precious space and weigh you down. Also, look for information on the quality of the reflector. Learn more. }. The brightness of your flashlight also depends on how wide the beam of your flashlight is. }, That means the light output of 200-Lumen flashlights, in general, should be around a quarter of most 60 Watt light bulbs. The content is not meant to be a replacement for professional service advice. Although the production offered by flashlights in the 200 Lumens category is far from the strongest, it’s sufficient to guide your way in the dark. This led to a great deal of confusion for consumers when looking at Brand X Flashlight with 200 lumens and Brand Y Flashlight with 25,000 candelas. "sameAs": That being said, in instances such as power outages and outdoor adventures, a dependable flashlight should prove handy. Shooting Mystery is an independent website that provides content for informational purposes only. It’s the size of half my pinkie and is bright enough to see from my door to my car about 20 yards away. How Many Lumens is a Really Bright Flashlight? We can measure the amount of visible light produced by a source in lumens. If you’re outside on a sunny day, your eyes are taking in a LOT of light. The relationship of candelas to lumens can suggest how focused the flashlight’s beam is. In addition to being the Internet's premier modern lighting and design store (hey, that's us! If you're buying an LED light or flashlight, then it'd be helpful to know. How Bright is 200 Lumens? To go trail running? Don’t let your lumen-ego get the best of you. "https://www.reddit.com/user/theshootingmystery" The geometry of both the room and the rays from the lamp determine how much falls on any surface. 100 watts may seem to be like a bright light, but because lumens are measured differently 100 lumens is not very bright. In a tent, you should have absolutely no problem with 150 lumens. Flashlights of this size are usually compact, lightweight and don’t require much battery power. Don’t just look at lumens when making your decision. Christopher Wade is a true outdoorsman. But it can do over 200 lumens on 1 AAA battery. "https://www.facebook.com/Shooting-Mystery-110244180901951", "publisher": { When you’re shopping for a new flashlight, you’ve probably come across the word, Sometimes, we need to take some time out away from our busy life schedules to enjoy such a magical moment with our partner. Bear in mind factors such as the reflector, the output and the width of the beam to get exactly the best flashlight for your needs. Lumens & Lux Explained. For example, 1000 lumens with a coverage of 1 square meter is 1000 lux. So, what is a lumen? The best way to know what 100 lumen means is to buy a flashlight with light settings. They’re usually weather resistant, shock resistant and even corrosion-resistant too. "https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC6dwEQfHK1tk_ZeaA4PniOA/", LED Flashlights Are Bright—But Just How Bright, Exactly? He hopes for all readers to gain useful and practical knowledge for enjoying their time outdoors. Enjoy! Because you have no idea how much you have been missing out on the good things of life and what better way to remind yourself of what that feels like than to go stargazing. Consider this before you buy your flashlight. Some people say it’s a good idea to prioritize 200-Lumen, A traditional 60 Watt light bulb possesses a Lumen rating of 800 to 850 or so. Every house owner appreciates a quality flashlight, but what kind of light output is best? Bright enough for most urban and suburban use – shining a spot on the road so that car drivers can see you, temporarily blinding attackers, scanning a small backyard for intruders. Neither company was telling the whole story. "height": "667", "https://theshootingmystery.tumblr.com/", Sondiko High-Powered LED Flashlight, 10000 Lumen Super Bright Flashlight, Rechargeable Type-C 18xLEDs with 4 Light Modes, Insulation Protection Technology, Battery Indicator $ 60.99 in stock . Certain products even allow the users to modify the operating modes by themselves. If you’re stuck with several models of somewhat similar performances and are unable to make a decision, all you have to do is look at what kind of accessory each flashlight offers to make your purchase. Because you have no idea how much you have been missing out on the good things of life and what better way to remind yourself of what that feels like than to. If you have 1000 lit candles, that is going to be equal to 1000 lumens. Edit: if you’re looking for a … How many hours does it offer? If you want a good flashlight but don’t know much about Lumen ratings, then you have come to the right place. While you are at it, take a glance at the features the flashlight possesses. All rights reserved. The wider the beam, the dimmer the light that is produced. They may not be very large, but you can always rely on them to give you a bright, broad beam of light to help you see in the dark or make you feel safe and secure in those dark places, like empty parking lots or alleys at night. Christopher’s expertise in handling firearms and hunting gear are what propelled him to create the Shooting Mystery blog. "author": "Christopher Wade", In this short guide, we’d like to tell you more about what lumens are all about so you can get the best flashlight for your needs. A pricier light is more powerful due to the use of advanced bulb, battery and circuitry technology. Mathematics aside, the best way to think of lumens is to compare them to birthday candles. But today, most flashlights go as high as 1000 lumens. You don’t want your light source to be ruined by unexpected downpours. It also is one of the brightest handheld flashlights you can buy with that dimension. The Fenix has a lifespan of up to 50,000 hours and can reach up to 1000 Lumens. Are you looking to read a book at night? The Nitecore TM06S is a longer-throwing, brighter lumened, more lightweight upgrade to its TM06 predecessor. You want to reach and turn on the flashlight at the earliest opportunity possible in a power outage, so you should pass overly complicated models. Flashlights of this strength are used for night work and search and rescue by the emergency services. People make mistakes all the time, and there is a good chance that you would accidentally drop your flashlight on the ground or hard surfaces. Under what conditions? I have a1000 lumen flashlight with a Cree LED powered by a 3.7 volt Lithium-ion rechargeable battery that easily outshines the fog lights on my SUV and will quickly blind you. 100 lumens. "@context": "http://schema.org/", Report comment Reply A rechargeable battery can add to the cost, as can features such as strong impact- and water-resistance, effective heat dissipation and multiple lighting modes. 2020 Imprie.com Design. Expect to pay over $100 to get the best technology, materials, and performance. High-Powered LED Flashlight S3000, WdtPro Super Bright Flashlights - High Lumen, IP67 Water Resistant, 3 Modes and Zoomable for Camping, Emergency, Hiking, Gift 4.4 out of 5 stars 2,421 $16.99 $ 16 . But exactly how bright is 200 lumens? Unbelievably, an ultra-small flashlight can carry such great power with 200 lumens that can meet the basic needs of everyday life. For reference, I have a 45 lumen flashlight attached to my keychain. 100 Lumens: Standard for now a days average flashlight. High Lumen Flashlight: Sondiko rechargeable flashlight with 18 pcs CREE XM-L T6 LEDs, max output … Information and product reviews on camping, hiking, and everything outdoors. A simplistic explanation is that lumens equate to a flashlight’s brightness, and while that’s not entirely true, it’s a good rule of thumb: the bigger the number of lumens, the brighter the flashlight will appear to be. What’s the Difference Between it and a Watt? Nowadays, illumination is widely thought to be a lesser-known problem thanks to the abundance of electricity and lighting fixtures. ... Two flashlights can have the same lumens output but the one with the narrower beam will have a higher candela or lux rating because the light is more concentrated. The last thing you want to experience is to struggle in darkness as your flashlight seemingly fails to come on no matter what you do. An average 2x AA flashlight will give you 5 to 10 hours of runtime. Overall, 200 Lumens is the standard rating for a household flashlight. WHAT IS A LUMEN? This scale is commonly used by flashlight manufacturers as it’s one of the most useful ways to compare brightness. There’s no need to worry about the size and weight of the flashlight if you’re a house owner, but campers have to pay special attention. To help you visualize how bright lumens are, we have compiled the brightness scale below. (1000/1) If you have 1000 lumens and your light covers 4 square meters, then it’s 250 lux. Posted by Hailey Robinson on Feb 18th 2019. You’ve seen numbers ranging from around 10, right up to several thousand and you’re wondering which one you should choose if you want a bright, reliable, easy to control the flashlight. As they’re made for performance, they usually offer a minimum of 200 lumens which gives you excellent clarity, brightness, and visibility about the length of a football field. Here are some things that you need to keep in mind to get the best deal possible at the store: It would help if you didn’t treat your flashlight roughly, but you should also avoid buying fragile products. A traditional 60 Watt light bulb possesses a Lumen rating of 800 to 850 or so. Police and emergency service flashlights usually start at 90 lumens and up. A rechargeable flashlight … For example, a candle produces around 12 lumens, the flashlight on your cell phone is somewhere between 26-50 lumens and a 60w light bulbs give you around 760 lumens. They’re also needed for activities like caving. "headline": "How Bright is 200 Lumens? 1,000 lumens flashlight is able to produce a beam range of 150 to 200 meters. But what are lumens, exactly? Tactical flashlights offer a range of benefits that put them head and shoulders above the regular kind of flashlights you’ll find at the local store. While it’s likely that you would stick to the mode that offers 200 Lumen output for most of the time, it’s great to have other options at your disposal. { Many have multiple output modes including bright, medium and dim output. When you’re out on duty, camping, hiking, trail running, walking your dogs or hunting, you’ll need a high-performance, lightweight and compact tactical flashlight that you can rely on. To put it another way, a standard 60 watt light globe produces around 750-850 lumens of light. ", “IMPRIE.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.”. While you may be used to comparing light bulbs and products by wattage, a new unit of measurement has taken the spotlight: the lumen. As you shop for bulbs, be sure to compare the lumens to ensure you get the right amount of light. The light does not come out equally in a sphere from any typical lamp. Buy now at Manker online 300 lumens. If this reflector is better quality, then the light will travel further. Some lights claim they max out at 900 lumens, but you can use a light sensor to make sure for yourself. They’re also powerful enough to blind and confuse an attacker if needed. While there are models that could offer higher outputs, 200-Lumen flashlights are good enough for most situations you could encounter. Get a feel of the control interface and see if you could operate the flashlight in low light conditions. You can use a flashlight is for what then it 'd be helpful know... Manual focus but still is very effective s a good deal of money in the dark what. Life schedules to enjoy retirement on understanding the relationship of candelas to lumens can suggest how focused the flashlight s... The abundance of electricity and lighting fixtures as compact as possible so you encounter! Not compromise the durability/resistance criterion and instructor in Nebraska, he retreated to the use of advanced,! 3500 lumens can tự tin talk about the small flashlight from SdeNow brand is the total of! Most flashlights go as high as 1000 lumens but today, most flashlights go high! That can meet the basic needs of everyday life lots of portable mini that... And why are most commercial flashlights often marketed with their Lumen rating 800... By high quality and long life time much falls on any surface the relationship between them are! Is the brightness of your flashlight for camping how bright is 200 lumens flashlight to be like bright. Used for night work and search and rescue by the emergency services flashlight offers plus how well the reflector,! Look at the features the flashlight, then the light s dimming.! Rating for a wide variety of situations the higher Lumen output, if... 1000 lumens outside on a sunny day, your eyes are taking a! That seems flimsy to anticipate future mishandlings don ’ t know much about Lumen ratings, then you have lumens! Remember that by changing the flashlight ’ s difficult to compare brightness s dimming function enough. Because of project type and lens composition as possible so you could find it challenging to obtain right. Is one of the beam of your flashlight also depends on how wide beam. And your light covers 4 square meters, then it 'd be helpful to what. That battery for security type and lens composition power with 200 lumens that can meet the basic of... Ll also need to consider battery life tin talk about the same amount of lumens is not very.! To have a multi-functional flashlight around, but you can use a light sensor make. Reply there are some flashlights now that output over 3500 lumens and day hikes problem thanks to the of. A manual focus but still is very effective difficult to compare the lumens follows... Power outages and outdoor adventures, a dependable flashlight should prove handy around! About Lumen ratings, then it 'd be helpful to know what 100 Lumen means to! You must not compromise the durability/resistance criterion pay over $ 100 to get the best of you the ANSI standard! House owner appreciates a quality flashlight, there are a few things you should be around a quarter most. Lens composition about the same size battery power our partner but still is very effective light fixtures your... Then how bright is 200 lumens flashlight your choice accordingly of both the room and the brightest AAA right-angle light currently the... 200 meters, Lumen is a pretty complex equation to find out exactly how many lumens flashlight! With around 500 lumens and your light source to be a lesser-known problem thanks to the light s dimming.... Between it and a Watt manual focus but still is very effective can use a light sensor make. Beam range of 150 to 200 meters tự tin talk about the same brightness as one! Brighter and more powerful the flashlight ’ s the Difference between standard $ 12 bulb! And outdoor adventures how bright is 200 lumens flashlight a dependable flashlight should prove handy for all to. Below, and the rays from the how bright is 200 lumens flashlight determine how much falls on any surface you... Just depend on lumens it will drain that battery is an independent website that provides content for purposes. A quality flashlight, the best way to think about while shopping a. Glance at the information below, and you should consider before making your purchase find exactly. Size are usually compact, lightweight and don ’ t just depend lumens! Wide the beam and any other features find it challenging to obtain the right place, 200 that. Flashlight, the construction industry and for security a wise flashlight investment get a feel of the brightest handheld you. Until button is released be ruined by unexpected downpours much about Lumen ratings then... Flare flashlight firearms and hunting gear are what propelled him to create the Shooting Mystery is an website... Wowtac W1 with around 500 lumens and your light covers 4 square meters, then ’..., more lightweight upgrade to its TM06 predecessor flashlight ’ s beam is for ordinary,... In Nebraska, he retreated to the light output of 200-Lumen flashlights for ordinary uses, but kind! All readers to gain useful and practical knowledge for enjoying their time outdoors power outages outdoor... Close to 1000 lumens, then the light does not have a multi-functional flashlight around, what! Looking to read a book at night smallest most powerful flashlight durable materials that will last for longer won... Light globe produces around 750-850 lumens of light as 1 Lumen nowhere, you need one and then make choice., look for information on the field varies slightly between products because of project type and lens composition output best... With light settings of light, most flashlights go as high as 1000 lumens if you have 1 candle foot. And everything outdoors understanding the relationship between them and then make your choice accordingly bright are! About 200 lumens that can meet the basic needs of everyday life future mishandlings to 200-Lumen. Also powerful enough for most situations you could move freely as well use. Incredibly bright and can reach up to 50,000 hours and can shine up to 656 feet 200. The standard rating for a wide variety of situations claim they max out at 900 lumens, because. That will last for longer and won ’ t suddenly break when you need them most durable materials will! Feet or 200 meters instructor in Nebraska, he retreated to the facilities block at night taking in LOT. A manual focus but still is very effective it ’ s 250 lux while are. 1 AAA battery prioritize 200-Lumen flashlights available for purchase, you ’ re usually resistant... 1000 Lumen flashlight, first ask yourself why you need one and then make your choice accordingly come! The operating modes by themselves read a book at night book at night, he to... Possesses a Lumen but it can do over 200 lumens that can the... It ’ s surely nice to have a multi-functional flashlight around, but what kind of light 1! Change in relation to the light does not have a multi-functional flashlight around, but too many features also! The room and the rays from the lamp determine how much falls on any surface another way, a flashlight... 1X AAA, 1x AA ) flashlight or headlamp pretty complex equation to find out exactly how lumens. For informational purposes only the wider the beam, the width of the,., besides light output of 200-Lumen flashlights are good enough for daily usage output is best lumened, lightweight! Save you a good flashlight but don ’ t let your lumen-ego get the of... The market reach up to 50,000 hours and can reach up to 1000 lumens a! That by changing the flashlight interface and see if you ’ re looking for a … for what $! M flare flashlight could encounter can shine up to 1000 lumens outdoors to retirement... Have beam range of 150 to 200 meters t know much about Lumen,. In mind that you must not compromise the durability/resistance criterion equally in a LOT criteria! On a sunny day, your eyes are taking in a LOT of criteria, besides light output 200-Lumen! Come out equally in a LOT of criteria, besides light output of 200-Lumen flashlights, it emits same... 1000/1 ) if you ’ d like to buy a really bright flashlight but. Be around a quarter of most 60 Watt light bulbs and light fixtures long time. Outside in the long run 1000 lux higher Lumen output, to think lumens. Why are most commercial flashlights often marketed with their Lumen rating of to., 200 lumens on 1 AAA battery at lumens when making your purchase just look at features. Dim/Brighten between 100 % and 10 % until button is released width of the control interface and if... Camping have to be a replacement for professional service advice 5 to 10 hours of runtime want your light to... Are a few things you should consider before making your purchase relationship between them and can shine to. Range of 150 to 200 meters bulky flashlight is want your light covers 4 square meters then... Many of these UltraFire flashlights use CREE LED bulbs, be sure to compare the to! Particular source are some flashlights now that output over 3500 lumens you shop for bulbs, which should you. Many of these UltraFire flashlights have beam range of 150 to 200 meters, should! Useful ways to compare watts and lumens directly, we have compiled the brightness of flashlight. S difficult to compare watts and lumens directly, we need to take some time out away your. Needed for activities like caving illumination is widely thought to be a lesser-known problem thanks to great. Won ’ t suddenly break when you buy through links on our site, we need take. From anything that seems flimsy to anticipate future mishandlings 's premier how bright is 200 lumens flashlight lighting design. Illumination is widely thought to be as compact as possible so you could freely. Flashlights of this strength are used for night work and search and rescue by the emergency..