How to Prune Raspberries. The cultivars "Taylor" (Rubus idaeus "Taylor"), which is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 through 8, and "Latham" (Rubus "Latham," USDA zones 3 through 8) as well as other summer-fruiting varieties bear fruit on canes that grew the previous year. Aim for a spacing of 15cm between new canes, removing extras to avoid overcrowding. If you want everbearing raspberries to produce two crops each year, prune them as you would summer-bearing raspberries. Summer-fruiting raspberries are pruned in spring and after fruiting. If your canes give fruit in September or later they’re autumn fruiting. Fruited canes will have pale stems and old, brown edged leaves, while new stems (the ones that will fruit next summer) should be lush and green. Raspberries are thorny, sticky plants. Cut back your summer-bearing raspberry canes immediately you finish your harvest. Ideally you should do this as soon as they’ve fruited. There’s the summer-fruiting kind (with a short fruiting season), which fruit best on one year old wood. Credit : Photo: Getty Images Summer-fruiting raspberries have finished cropping and it's time to cut down the old fruiting canes to ground level. The most exciting fruit for me this time of year is raspberries. Cut down fruited canes as close to the ground as possible. Soil: prefers deep, well-drained soil enriched with compost and decomposed manure. Here's how. New canes have green stems, while the second-year canes are grayish-brown in color. Armed with the internet, I set to work on my tiny patch. Happy raspberry patch, all thinned and pruned. This is because they fruit on different aged canes. Twice fruiting Raspberries are more difficult to manage but so worth it! These will turn into floricanes and fruit next year. Pruning raspberries is another winter job. Tie the new canes to the opposite side of the wire as they grow. Too sharp an angle 3. While I would hesitate to pick a favourite northern fruit – raspberries would definitely be a contender. You can prune your raspberry plants by cutting back canes after they produce fruits. Summer raspberries fruit from second year canes, or floricanes. How to Prune Raspberries. That is especially true of method #2. Now, to make the whole thing more rigid, I'm gonna roughly plait these in groups of three. Pruning Summer-fruiting Raspberries. What you need to know about raspberries Name: raspberries (Rubus idaeus) Height: canes up to 1.5–2m Foliage: deciduous. Prune raspberries once they have finished fruiting. You can also check out the companion video for a visual walk-through of how to prune raspberries: What you need to prune raspberries. • Autumn-fruiting raspberries. There are two kinds of raspberries, either ever bearing or summer bearing. How to prune summer-fruiting raspberries. You should cut your harvested canes down to the ground. Unlike summer-fruiting raspberries where you have to distinguish between the canes that carried fruit last summer and the new canes that will bear fruit this summer, with autumn-fruiting varieties you simply cut down all the canes in one swoop – and February’s the perfect time to do it. 1. The remaining new canes need to be thinned out in the spring, leaving 3 to 4 of the largest remaining canes per foot of row. You can also span parallel wires, and tie canes to the adjacent ones if you prefer. Pruning One-Crop, Summer-Bearing Raspberries. During the autumn, cut down to soil level all canes that bore fruit during the summer. But if you want to force a single larger crop in the fall, use the following procedure. You can pretty much prune summer-bearing raspberries all the way to the ground in the winter, but if you want both crops from the everbearing, you have to know which canes to cut to the ground and which to prune back carefully and by how much. From the new canes, you again leave 3 to 4 per foot of row. April, prune all canes back to ground level. Raspberries can be divided into two types by when they bear fruit: (1) one-crop, summer-bearing raspberries also called standard raspberries and (2) two-crop, summer and fall bearing raspberries, also called ever-bearing raspberries. Prune in late winter (February), cutting back all the canes to ground level before new growth commences. Late winter or early spring, just at the end of the dormant season, is the best time to prune summer-bearing red raspberries. The plants will fruit on new growth. Here I’m talking about summer-fruiting raspberries.) Tip prune any that may have suffered cold damage. August 14, 2019 / by Nathan Smith / Leave a Comment. This eliminates the summer crop, but the fall crop matures one to two weeks earlier. Read on to learn the basics of pruning raspberries. Pruning Summer-Fruiting Raspberries. When finished, remaining canes should be spaced about 6 inches apart. Prune raspberry bushes in late winter or early spring. Summer-fruiting raspberries such as ‘Malling Jewel’ and ‘Tulameen’ finish cropping in August and the stems that have fruited need chopping back. Also, prune out the tips of the canes that have died due to winter injury. This helps create bigger berries, allows for easier picking and prevents the canes from breaking down during windstorms and heavy rains. If you prune summer-bearing raspberries to the ground, you will never have berries. The canes that are past their prime are rough and woody in appearance. Summer-fruiting raspberries fruit on one-year-old canes. Summer fruiting raspberry canes make their fruit on stems that are one year old, as opposed to Autumn fruiting varieties that fruit on their new growth. Summer fruiting ones are ready in June or July. 1. Too far from bud 2. One warning before you begin. How to prune summer-bearing red raspberries. Red raspberries produce suckers at the base of previous season’s growth while black (and purple) form on new growth. Summer/autumn fruiting Raspberries are treated differently as the one cane will fruit at two different times over its lifetime. Ideally with these, you should prune out the canes that have fruited right after they finish (late summer/early fall) and leave the current year’s canes (the brand new fleshy green ones) to fruit the following year. How to Prune Summer Fruiting Raspberries. These canes will bear fruit the same year. We’re now into August and getting into the peak of fruit season. These produce fruit on the previous year’s growth. Summer bearing raspberries fruit on floricanes, fruiting canes formed in the second year. Pruning Summer Fruiting Raspberries . Leave the most vigorous canes. Those canes will grow the following year. How to plant, grow and prune raspberries. Then thin the canes that will bear this season's crop. I also think it is easier to prune the canes when all the leaves are off. Climate: prefers cold temperate climates, but can be grown anywhere apples grow. When new canes develop, do not prune them. There are two different pruning techniques used for raspberries, one for summer bearing varieties and another for autumn bearing varieties. Ever-bearing raspberries produce fruit on fresh canes. How to prune yellow raspberries. Autumn-fruiting raspberries are easy to prune. A summer fruiting raspberry cane only fruits once on each stem, so they should be cut down to ground level after harvesting. In March or early April, remove all weak, diseased, and damaged canes at ground level. After fruiting, cut all canes that have carried fruit down to soil level. Just right . How to Prune Raspberries. In March or early April, remove all weak, diseased or damaged canes to the ground. These plants are also known as fall-bearing raspberry plants. You need to determine which kind of raspberries you have. Canes die after fruiting and are removed (cut at ground level), but the new primocanes for the following season are already forming. When to Prune Raspberries & Roses. Instead, you should train them in a post. Ever bearing raspberries produce fruit in the summer and fall, while summer bearing raspberries produce a large amount of berries in the summer. • Summer-fruiting raspberries. With both types of red raspberries, the canes die shortly after they are done bearing fruit. Prune these silvery grey canes off at ground level leaving around 10-12 young canes (which appear a more chestnut/brown colour) to fruit in the coming season. Prune summer fruiting raspberries in the late summer or fall, after the berries have been harvested. Pruning is a vital part of growing flowers and berries. Since these canes bear berries on second year growth, the aim is to prune out only those canes which have fruited this year (floricanes). Prune the canes to within 25cm (10in) of the ground after planting ; Do not prune if summer-fruiting raspberries are supplied as ‘long canes’ - these are year-old, ready-to-fruit canes that will crop in the first season ; Container growing. Summer-bearing raspberries are pruned as follows: immediately after the fall harvest, the fruiting canes are cut to the ground. Roses and raspberries rank high among the garden's treasures for many, but both come at a price: pruning. Summer fruiting raspberries. But if you prefer, there is no reason you can’t prune in the late fall after the leaves have fallen off the canes. You can prune summer raspberries any time after they finish fruiting. Position: full sun or part-shade. Summer fruiting raspberries are the most commonly seen and grown. The first thing to do is to determine whether your raspberries are summer fruiting or autumn fruiting. Red Raspberry Bush Pruning . Tie in new canes as they develop, but prune out weak shoots. They will die off anyway, but removing them sooner rather than later has a couple of advantages. The main maintenance task that you need to do on raspberries is to prune them in autumn or winter once they are done producing fruit. My raspberry pruning was doing more harm than good and I was having no fun at all, so I changed my ways and started waiting until winter to lop out the old canes, which had gone gray with age so they were easy to spot. Leave the most vigorous canes, those approximately ¼ inch in diameter when measured 30 inches from the ground. Summer bearing raspberries only produce on second year canes, or floricanes. If you didn't remove the old canes right after they fruited last summer, take those out first. No summer pruning is necessary. How you prune a raspberry plant depends upon when the plant bears fruit—once a year or twice a year. Maintain the plants in a 1- to 2-foot-wide hedgerow. Do not cut the young green canes, or you risk reducing your berry production. Summer-bearing – Remove all weak canes to the ground in early spring. Many everbearing raspberries bear so late in the fall that they are not practical for gardeners in short-season climates. Leave 10-12 of the healthiest canes, about ¼ inches in diameter, with 6-inch spacing. They also produce only one crop per season, usually during June or July. Summer and Ever-Bearing Raspberries: Prune the tip sections of both types, that is reduce the height of the cane to four or five feet. You will leave this season’s canes (primocanes) in place.