7 John Witherspoon, Works of the Rev. His work turned Princeton into the Ivy League school it is today. (Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1990. John Knox Witherspoon (1723-1794) served as Princeton’s sixth president from 1768 to 1794. Despite this, Witherspoon made one last contribution to the American Founder before he passed, attending the New Jersey Ratification Convention as an avid supported of the Constitution his most successful student had a hand in drafting. Witherspoon as: “A … If you are new to this site, make sure you subscribe to our email list for a new Founder every day. Then, as the British approached Princeton, Witherspoon led an evacuation. Stoddart and officials from Princeton and Paisley universities will speak. John Witherspoon is buried at Princeton Cemetery along with future Princeton Trustee and President of the United States, Grover Cleveland. The John Witherspoon Middle School in Princeton, New Jersey, was named after the Rev Dr John Witherspoon, one of the founding fathers of the United States. IV (Philadelphia: William W. Woodward, 1801)., 53. There have been a number of biographies of Witherspoon and also a number of books on the signers of the Declaration of Independence that include a … The collection consists of selected manuscripts, correspondence, and documents of Witherspoon, as well as material about about him. John Witherspoon had a large impact on both Princeton and all of America. Sailing to America in 1768, John Witherspoon became the President of the College of New Jersey, which was later renamed Princeton University. James Witherspoon, Major (17 November 1751 - 4 October 1777) 1.4. Witherspoon embraced the concepts of Scottish common sense realism, and while president of the College of New Jersey (1768–1794; now Princeton University), became an influential figure in the development of the United States' national character. Elizabeth Montgomery (29 May 1722 - 1 October 1789) 1.1. John Witherspoon – This statue was dedicated on November 10, 2001. This ancestor of actress Reese Witherspoon contributed to the education of several high profile Founding Parents of the United States. In response to the Black Lives Matter movement, universities, colleges, and other institutions across the country have been removing from buildings the names of historical figures who supported slavery or promoted racism. John Witherspoon John Witherspoon. The work was cast at the Morris Singer Foundry in Basingstoke, England. Indeed, during a moral philosophy lecture for undergraduates at Princeton, he announced his opposition to slavery and declared it unlawful to take away people’s “liberty by no better right than superior force.” Despite this, Witherspoon owned slaves at home. John Witherspoon (1723-1794) was a Scottish-born American Presbyterian divine and educator. John Witherspoon was a Pastor, President of Princeton and signer of the Declaration of Independence. The school will now go by the Princeton School of Public and International Affairs, and Wilson College will be known as First College. A recent Princeton High School graduate, Geoffrey Allen, recently created a petition to rename John Witherspoon Middle School, which prompted the … However, slavery was not officially abolished in the United States the end of the Civil War, in 1865, and a limited number of slaves were held in New Jersey until that date. John Witherspoon was born and raised in Scotland, receiving an exemplary education and becoming a very popular Presbyterian Pastor. In Princeton and across New Jersey, Witherspoon discussed moral issues regarding slavery. During his tenure as president, Witherspoon was instrumental in improving finances after the Revolutionary War, increasing enrollment and revolutionizing the curriculum. He raised funds, improved the curriculum and constructed new buildings. 1753) 1.5. In 1776, John Witherspoon was elected to the Continental Congress. John Witherspoon's American Revolution: Enlightenment and Religion from the Creation of Britain to the Founding of the United States (Published by the ... and the University of North Carolina Press), Dyre Kearney Tries to Move The Continental Congress, The Death of a Reverend - John Rosbrugh at Assunpink Creek. A signer of the Declaration of Independence and one of the prominent proponents of American liberty, Witherspoon had an unclearly defined stance on slavery that reflected America’s conflicting attitudes toward enslavement. Stoddart, a neoclassicist and Her Majesty’s Sculptor in Ordinary in Scotland, depicts the Princeton president in a realistic style, using everyday objects to convey Witherspoon’s character and contributions. Additionally, he served on the committee which drafted the Articles of Confederation. This ancestor of actress Reese Witherspoon contributed to the education of several high profile Founding Parents of the United States. The statue will be unveiled in a ceremony at 4:15 p.m. Saturday, Nov. 10, at the site east of East Pyne. UPCOMING DATES . Witherspoon also played a significant role in the early formation of the nation: he signed the Declaration of Independence and educated many of the nation’s early leaders. He was born in Gifford manse in 1723 – son of the Rev James Alexander Witherspoon, the then minister at Yester Kirk who is … [1] Witherspoon embraced the concepts of Scottish common sense realism, and while president of the College of New Jersey (1768–1794; now Princeton University), became an influential figure in the development of the United States' national character. John Knox Witherspoon lived a remarkable life. Unless otherwise noted, future citations from Witherspoon’s Works will be from the first edition and designated by volume and page, as Works:4.53. (19 February 1756 - 1763) 1.6. John was particularly influential to the political ideologies of Madison, who would become the main architect of the Constitution and a future President. Witherspoon went about transforming the organization into the educational institution he knew it could be. Born in Scotland and educated at the University of Edinburgh, Witherspoon was a prominent 18th-century intellectual associated with the moral philosophy of the Scottish Enlightenment. He later became directly involved in politics and at the Continental Congress, he was a big advocate for independence. Witherspoon himself was famous for advocating independence from the pulpit. If you are interested in learning more about Witherspoon’s beliefs (where were a unique mix of religious morals and secular government), pick up a copy of ‘John Witherspoon’s American Revolution’ from the affiliate link below. Tax records reveal that, for a number of years, he used slaves to help him farm his more than five hundred acres at Tusculum in Princeton, and the inventory of Witherspoon’s possessions taken at his death indicate that he left two slaves, valued at $100 each.Â. He transformed the College of New Jersey (later Princeton) from a poor theological seminary into a vigorous academic community.. 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