If your baby shows signs of allergy, such as rashes, diarrhea, or constipation, discontinue the formula and try a new one after giving a gap of three to four days. It is designed for babies aged zero to 12 months of age. Even if you’ve loved breastfeeding and plan to continue for a while, being able to substitute some of that liquid gold for whole milk is going to free up precious minutes in your schedule. It is lactose-free and contains important nutrients like omega 3 DHA, ARA, and Choline that support brain development. If you cannot breastfeed your baby and cow’s milk makes them colicky, this baby formula might help. Benefits: It is made from organic ingredients and contains lactose, which is similar to that found in breast milk. This lactose-based formula is easily digestible and supports physical growth. Nestle Nido Kinder 1+ Powdered Milk Beverage. Ingredients: This baby formula is milk-based and fortified with iron; it also contains fructooligosaccharides, nucleotides, a blend of DHA, Lutein, Vitamin E, and a palm olein oil-free fat blend that is good for calcium absorption. If a baby is breastfed by a mother who is drinking cow's milk, or is formula fed with traditional infant formula, he or she has already been exposed to cow's milk protein. Ingredients: Corn Maltodextrin, whey protein hydrolysate, high oleic sunflower oil, sugar, soy oil, coconut oil, other essential minerals, and proteins. Here's what you need to know about tap water, well water, bottled…. After that, make the switch to cow’s milk or a fortified nondairy milk and continue breastfeeding if you choose. The manufacturer claims that it has been formulated through clinical research and is one of the best baby formulas for infants whose mothers cannot breastfeed. We suggest that you consult a pediatrician before trying any formula. Your baby's kidneys cannot handle the high protein and mineral content well until that age. oz. In fact, you are still not ready, Contemporary English Version So I had to treat you like babies and feed you milk. Dairy is still an important source of dietary fat, … Ingredients: Organic reduced mineral whey, organic nonfat milk, organic lactose, glucose syrup solids, organic palm oil, organic coconut oil, organic soy oil, etc. Ingredients: Corn Maltodextrin, whey protein concentrate, vegetable oils, and other nutrients and minerals. Similac is a baby formula that is said to be close to breast milk and could be… Ingredients: Corn syrup solids, medium-chain triglycerides, vegetable oils, potato starch, and other important nutrients and minerals. It should be whole milk — not a lower percentage or skim — because the fat included is good for your baby’s brain, which goes through some pretty important development in the first 2 years of life. Is it OK to continue giving formula instead of transitioning? It’s capable of nourishing your baby both from inside and outside. This will prevent vitamin D deficiency. How do dietary needs change after 12 months?Â. Here, we share a list of the best baby formulas that are also popular among parents. GRASS-FED DAIRY This type of milk may have higher levels of Omega 3 fatty acids due to the green grass they eat, which can be beneficial to heart health. All rights reserved. Per the AAP, your baby should have no more than about 16–24 ounces of whole milk per day. Benefits: According to the manufacturer, this baby formula is said to be close to breast milk and is also easy-to-digest by newborns. Human babies need the saturated fats and cholesterol in mother's milk. The brand claims that the formula is clinically proven to relieve allergy symptoms caused by cow’s milk. I gave you milk to drink, not solid food, since you were not yet ready for it. Many nondairy milks are flavored to be more palatable, but this means they may be higher in sugar than cow’s milk (so always read the labels). Certified by USDA Organic, this could be one of the best formula milk for babies with insufficient mother’s milk. No, though the American Academy of Pediatrics does recommend plain cow’s milk for toddlers 12 months and older as a source of essential fat and nutrients, including calcium, vitamin D, protein, vitamin A, and zinc. Your baby needs the nutrients in formula or breast milk until their first birthday. Please read our Disclaimer. The manufacturer further claims that many mothers reported reduced fussiness, gassiness, and spit-up after one day of using Similac Pro Advance. Cow hormones are not meant for humans, and older children and adults are not … Strictly follow the mixing table guidelines and always mix it right. Best Milk for 1 Year Old Babies and Toddlers. You should also beef up (pun intended) their solid food diet to make sure they’re getting the vitamins and minerals they need. Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP). A handful of clothing for kids designed and handmade with comfort, style and practicality in mind. Human breast milk is the perfect food for human babies, while cow’s milk is the perfect food for baby cows. It is also said to enhance immunity. Formulated for infants aged zero to twelve months, this baby formula is designed to be close to breast milk composition. Introduce milk in a cup as opposed to a bottle. If your baby is not breastfed, or is only partially breastfed, commercial infant formulas are an alternative to breast milk. Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. It is formulated for infants up to 12 months. Milk also carries a high amount of protein, which helps your baby grow. $27.98 $ 27. Doctors suggest you breastfeed until your baby is at least 1 year old. Babies younger than 1-year-old aren’t eating a ton of solids and are still reliant on breast milk and formula for their nutrient needs. Ingredients: Corn syrup, nonfat milk, palm olein, partially hydrolyzed whey, soy oil, coconut oil, high oleic oil, and other nutrients and minerals. Because dietary fats are important for early brain development, whole milk was considered essential for weaned babies up to age 2 years. Baby formula is artificially made and closest to breast milk in composition. Meat can be a solid option as a first food, offering protein, iron, and other nutrients. Finally, giving cow’s milk to infants can cause occult (unseen) bleeding in the intestinal tract. Ingredients: Partly skimmed milk, demineralized whey and whey solids, maltodextrin, edible vegetable oil, medium-chain triglycerides, minerals, vitamins, emulsifier, amino acids, beta carotene, etc. Similac infant formula could be your pick if you are looking for a complete nutrition-based formula for your baby’s initial years. Breast milk or infant formula: Breast milk or infant formula are the only nourishment needed by most healthy babies until they are 4-6 months old. The AAP recommends breastmilk as the sole source of nutrition for your baby for about the first 6 months. However, when a mother cannot breastfeed due to medical or practical reasons, a baby formula becomes the next best option. Here are a few things you need to look at while shopping for one. Enfamil NeuroPro Baby Formula Milk Powder 20.7 oz Reusable Tub, Dual Prebiotics for Immune Support, Infant Formula Inspired by Breast Milk, Brain-building DHA & MFGM, Iron, Non-GMO. Babies spit up curdled milk when milk from feeding is mixed with acidic stomach fluid. It is said to contain whey and casein protein in a ratio that brings it pretty close to breast milk. Does it have to be cow’s milk? 4.8 out of 5 stars 2,925. Occasionally, lactose sensitivity will develop soon after the first birthday (though this is uncommon), so it’s always a good idea to keep an eye on your baby for the first week or so after making the switch. There are a few things to keep in mind if this is your plan: According to the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), any nondairy milk you choose should be fortified with calcium and vitamin D. Children between the ages of 1 and 3 need 700 mg of calcium and 600 IUs of vitamin D per day. Generally speaking, you should transition your baby off formula around 12 months of age. Benefits: According to the manufacturer, this baby formula contains 2’-FL HMO, an immunity-boosting probiotic found in breastmilk. Here are some precautions to keep in mind while using baby formula. Even though you started solids around 6 months, your baby didn’t need avocados and bananas to thrive. Last medically reviewed on June 12, 2020, You're ready to stop mixing formula, but is your baby over it? ( 24 bottles) - Dual Prebiotics for Immune Support, Infant Formula Inspired by Breast Milk, Brain-building DHA & MFGM, Iron, Non-GMO, Enfamil NeuroPro Baby Formula Milk Powder Refill, 31.4 ounce (Pack of 4) - MFGM, Omega 3 DHA, Probiotics, Iron & Immune Support, Love & Care Gentle Infant Formula Milk-Based Powder with Iron, 21.5 Ounce, Enfamil NeuroPro Baby Formula Milk Powder 20.7 oz Reusable Tub, Dual Prebiotics for Immune Support, Infant Formula Inspired by Breast Milk, Brain-building DHA & MFGM, Iron, Non-GMO, Pure Bliss by Similac Infant Formula, Modeled After Breast Milk, Non-GMO Baby Formula, 24.7 Ounces, Similac Pro-Advance Infant Formula with 2'-FL Human Milk Oligosaccharide (HMO) for Immune Support, Ready to Drink Bottles, 2 fl oz (48 count), Earth’s Best Organic Dairy Infant Powder Formula, Enfamil Neuropro Gentlease Ready To Feed Infant Formula 2 fl.oz. We'll tell you when babies stop drinking formula and what their hydration options are…, There are many features to consider when choosing the best sippy cup for your child. Water for Formula: Which Type Should You Use? The goat milk you choose for babies must be: Pasteurized: Choose pasteurized milk, which has been heated and cooled to remove pathogens. You do not need to travel with your child to bring breast milk. Here are a few factors to consider when deciding which milk to transition your baby to when they turn one and are a toddler. Talk to your child’s doctor about ensuring they get those nutrients from foods in their diet. Aptamil Stage 1 Baby formula is a nourishing blend of GOS and FOS, which are prebiotics functioning similar to human milk oligosaccharides. Breast milk and formula contain iron, vitamin C, and other nutrients, many of which aren’t included in cow’s milk — or at least not in high enough quantities for your baby to thrive. According to the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP), babies over 1 year of age can begin drinking cow’s milk instead of breast milk or formula. Cow's milk contains high concentrations of protein and minerals, which can tax your baby's immature kidneys. It also contains OptiGRO, an exclusive blend of DHA, Lutein, and Vitamin E that supports the brain, eye, and cell development. If your baby isn't sleeping well at night, a few tweaks to their daily routine can help in a big way. The benefits mentioned are claimed by the manufacturer, and MomJunction does not hold any liability for the effectiveness of these products. Benefits: The manufacturer claims that this formula contains 2’ FL Oligosaccharide, which is an immune-boosting probiotic found in breastmilk. This baby formula is said to be made of organic ingredients and formulated for babies of zero to 12 months. Mother’s milk is the best source of nutrients for babies. Meanwhile, cans of formula are as expensive as actual liquid gold, so no parent is going to miss forking over that cash. Breastfeeding is the only food or drink your baby will need for the first 6 months. A child who prefers not to drink milk shouldn’t be forced into it or kept on infant formula. 1 If that’s the case for you and your baby, your healthcare professional will likely advise you to eliminate cow’s milk from your diet. Safety Tips To Follow While Giving Baby Formula To Your Baby, Happy Baby Organic Infant Formula, 1-12 Months, 21 Ounce, 4 Count, Complete Nutrition for Babies Sensitive to Lactose, with Key Vitamins & Minerals, Prebiotics, and Milk from Organic Dairy Farms, Happy Family Baby Organic Infant Formula Milk Based Powder with Iron, Multi Stage, 21 Ounce, Enfamil Gentlease Easy- to-Digest Baby Formula 27.7 oz Can For Easing Gas, Fussiness & Crying in 24 Hours, Gentle Milk Powder, DHA and Choline for Brain Support, Puramino Hypoallergenic Baby Formula Powder for Severe Food Allergies, 14.1 ounce (Pack of 4) - Omega 3 DHA, Probiotics, Iron, Immune Support, Baby Bottle Warmer Electric Steam Bottle, 6 in 1 Smart Thermostat Baby Food Heater with Rapid Heating Warm Milk Formula Heat Food Defrost, LED Display and Temperature Control, BPA Free, New Tommee Tippee 3 in 1 Advanced Bottle & Pouch Warmer, Breast Milk Safe, Formula Safe, Accurate Temperature Control, BPA Free - White, Enfamil NeuroPro Ready to Feed Baby Formula Milk, 2 fl. It is said to be made using organic ingredients and is free of hormones, harmful pesticides, or fertilizers. This formula is for babies who are hypoallergenic to cow’s milk and have other food allergies as well. If you want it a few hours later, refrigerate the already prepared formula bottles in an insulated container. To be worn day in and out, played in, lived in and then passed onto many tiny's to come — millk is made for your baby. Ingredients: Corn Syrup solids, vegetable oils, partially hydrolyzed nonfat milk, whey protein concentrate, whey protein-lipid concentrate, other essential vitamins, and minerals. It contains DHA, vitamins, and minerals that help in brain development and also supports the immune system and growth. brain and eye development. In case your pediatrician prescribes a baby formula for your child, make sure you check all the ingredients and follow the instructions before feeding the baby. If you’re concerned about your baby’s poop or bowel movements, including a change in frequency or what appears to be blood in the stool, call your child’s pediatrician. Comes in different forms of packaging to suit the needs of different users, Comes in different packages for ease of use, Has vitamins found in fish, spinach, and broccoli, Ideal for switching from infant formula to toddler formula, Taste may not be agreeable to all toddlers, Exclusive blend of nutrients found in breast milk, Formula may be too thick to pass through the bottle nipples, Specially designed lid to lock the freshness, Triple-care formula for brain development, immunity, and growth, Easy-to-digest; helps in reducing colic and fussiness, Helps reduce colic, fussiness, and crying. Babies under the age of 12 months should stick exclusively to breast milk or infant formula, whereas children 1 year old and up should only drink cow’s milk, according to the leading children’s health organizations in the United States, including the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP). This is normal but may sometimes require medical attention. Cow’s milk naturally contains a large amount of hormones and protein needed to … When can babies have cow’s milk? To give the baby this type of milk, it must necessarily be passed through the dilution … Symptoms of Lactose Intolerance in Babies Beyond making the switch to cow’s milk after 12 months, you’ll also need to shift the way you think about your little one’s nutritional needs. Benefits: According to the manufacturer, the Enfamil baby formula contains baby probiotic named LGG, which is known for managing allergy and supporting digestive health. Prepare your bottle. For breastfed babies If mom consumes cow’s milk, her breast milk may contain enough of the protein to trigger a reaction. Sterilize bottles, nipples, caps and rings before using them for the first time. Based on the ingredients and method of preparation, baby formulas are of six types. There may also be a temporary change in color or texture as your baby adjusts. If only a 6 month old could say, ‘Mom, I can’t digest your breast milk or the top feed that you are giving me’! Baby formula can be a boon when the mother is unable to breastfeed. The manufacturer also claims that this formula might help in relieving fussiness and colic in babies. Once your child is 1 year old, offer all liquids in a cup and not in a bottle. There's a wide range of brands and types of formula available in pharmacies and shops. If you are looking for a baby formula that is organic and safe, check the Baby Only organic formula. Ingredients: Corn syrup solids, refined vegetable oil, high oleic sunflower oil, sunflower oil, canola oil, and other essential vitamins and minerals. Benefits: The manufacturer says this baby formula contains all the nutrients needed for your baby’s growth during the first 12 months. Certified organic by the USDA, the Happy Baby infant formula could be ideal for babies whose mothers cannot breastfeed them. No synthetic growth hormones, pesticides, or fertilizers. Is There a Right Age to Stop Breastfeeding? If you’re anxious to hit the formula-to-cow’s-milk milestone, we get it — but resist the urge to rush the process. Benefits: According to the manufacturer, this baby formula is dairy-free and is suitable for babies with allergies. Take a Look at Your Daily Routine, Feeding Meat to Your Baby: What You Should Know. In infancy, the majority of calories come from breast milk or formula, but starting at age one, you can start to introduce cow’s milk into their diet. This formula is also known to provide immune support without any allergic response when the baby goes back to consuming cow’s milk. Here’s a guide to when — and how — to introduce whole milk. Benefits: According to the manufacturer, this baby formula contains a unique blend of brain nourishing DHA and MFGM in clinically recommended amounts. This formula comes with a blend of four or more prebiotics, to promote a healthy gut. Here are some tips for a smoother transition: If you already know your baby won’t be able to tolerate cow’s milk and need a nondairy alternative, the timing is exactly the same: Wait until your baby is at least 12 months old before switching over to something like almond milk, rice milk, goat milk, or oat milk. Nondairy milks don’t typically contain as much protein, vitamin D, or calcium as cow’s milk, all of which your baby needs plenty of as they continue to grow. Pediatricians recommend children drink 16 to 24 ounces (2 to 3 cups) of fortified cow’s milk a day to meet calcium needs. Fortified: Select goat milk enriched with nutrients, especially vitamin D that is necessary for healthy development of bones and vitamin B9 (folate), which is almost non-existent in natural goat’s milk. That said, in instances of a family history or risk of obesity or heart disease, caregivers should discuss the most appropriate choice of milk with their pediatrician. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that all babies be exclusively breastfed for six months (1). This information is for educational purposes only and not a substitute for professional health services. Once your baby turns 1-year-old, you can basically keep breastfeeding on a supplemental basis for as long as you like — but what about formula? If you have weaned your baby from breast milk and are looking for a balanced formula for your growing toddler, then the Similac Go & Grow formula might just be the one. It contains specially designed proteins and probiotics that are easily digestible; it also contains DHA, 2’ FL- HMO, and other nutrients that support the immune system, eye, and brain development. Looking for formula milk that is gentle on your baby’s stomach? See a medical professional for personalized consultation. However, it should never be used as a substitute for mother’s milk. The formula’s unique fat blend contains medium-chain triglycerides to help fat absorption. Always check labels carefully to make sure you're buying a suitable milk for your baby. Breast milk deserves the epithet of ‘liquid gold’. Benefits: The manufacturer claims that this baby formula is one of the best toddler drinks with 25 vital nutrients, including iron, DHA, and vitamins C and E that help in your toddler’s brain and eye development. Additionally, the manufacturer claims that Gentlease formula milk for newborns might help ease feeding issues like fussiness and gas in just 24 hours. Bovine milk fat is not appropriately composed for human babies and is only deleterious to the health of children and adults. Do an allergy test by giving small amounts of the formula before feeding it through a bottle. Ingredients: Organic lactose, organic nonfat milk, organic palm olein, organic soy oil, organic coconut oil, organic whey protein concentrate, and other essential vitamins and minerals. It can still be a little confusing to choose the right time to switch to low-fat milk. Breast milk contains 3 to 5% fat, 0.8 to 0.9% proteins, 6.8 to 7.2% carbohydrates and 0.2% vitamins and minerals. So you shouldn’t notice allergy symptoms, although it’s possible. This is different from the roughly 32 ounces of breast milk or formula they were consuming before their first birthday. Look for: The biggest change you’ll probably notice involves your little one’s poop. What side effects might you notice when making the switch?Â. Also, closely monitor your baby if it is the first time you are giving formula or changing the brand. Remove these items from your carry-on bag to be screened separately from the rest of your belongings. There are various types and brands of baby formula available, making new parents wonder which is the best for their precious little one. Then try the Love & Care formula that contains easily digestible proteins. Goat Milk. Cow's milk or other dairy products should not be given until at least one year of age. This article offers a detailed guide to different weaning approaches, Before you make a bottle for your new arrival, consider the water you're using. Babies with nut allergies should never drink cashew or almond milk. Ingredients: Nonfat milk, Lactose, vegetable oil, whey protein concentrate, essential minerals, and vitamins. Get Ready for All These Precious First-Year Milestones. We get that it’s tempting to start introducing milk a little sooner than 12 months, but you shouldn’t jump ahead here. This hypoallergenic infant formula could be one of the best formula milk options for babies who are allergic to cow’s proteins or have multiple allergies and malabsorptive conditions. You could not take solid food, and you still cannot, Good News Translation I had to feed you milk, not solid food, because you were not ready for it. According to the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP), babies over 1 year of age can begin drinking cow’s milk instead of breast milk or formula. Carrot Milk: Carrot Milk is a delicious flavored warm milk prepared with cooked carrots, nuts, and … If you will be feeding your baby … Babies who begin drinking cow’s milk (as a replacement) before 12 months old may be more likely to develop anemia, gastrointestinal distress, or certain deficiencies. Benefits: Available in powder concentrate, this baby formula might be able to provide the necessary nutrients to babies who are not able to breastfeed. Always consult your pediatrician before starting a new baby formula or switching to another. Baby formulas come in three forms, namely: You need to pay the utmost attention while choosing a baby formula. The products listed in this post are for informational purposes only. It also contains a probiotic blend that helps in the growth of your baby’s immune system. Similac is a baby formula that is said to be close to breast milk and could be a good supplement when the mother is unable to produce enough breast milk. It also contains healthy DHA levels, lutein, and vitamin E that promote brain, eye, and bone development. Now, liquid nutrition is secondary to what your baby is consuming as part of their solid food diet. Plus, their tummies may not be ready for cow’s milk before then. But can you do it earlier? We'll…, Whether you've been breastfeeding a few weeks or a few years, the decision to stop is complex and personal. If your family doesn’t have a history of food allergies, you’ve probably been giving your baby some dairy since they were about 6 months old in the form of yogurt and cheese. Benefits: Similar to other Enfamil baby formulas, the Gentlease variant contains MFGM and DHA that support brain development. Style: Powder concentrate. Does not contain corn/glucose syrup, palm oil, and Hexane-processed DHA. At first, your baby may have looser or harder stools (or a harder time passing stools). It contains Vitamin D which helps in the absorption of calcium in the body. All rights reserved. Ingredients: Made from natural ingredients like soy, dairy, and coconut, this baby formula is said to be close to breast milk. But there are exceptions: If your baby has special dietary needs, a milk allergy, or developmental delays, your pediatrician may ask that you continue giving them some formula. Otherwise, you should make the effort to wean them off — even if they don’t like drinking milk. Benefits: The manufacturer claims that this formula contains organic DHA and ARA derived from egg phospholipids that support the child’s brain and eye development. This formula is also said to contain a dual prebiotic blend of PDX and GOS that supports your baby’s immune system. Of nutrients for babies are for informational purposes only to that found breastmilk. And handmade with comfort, style and practicality in mind can you keep giving it to your baby from! Listed in this post are for informational purposes only needs the nutrients needed for your baby is at one! So you shouldn’t jump ahead here one year of age, this baby formula is educational! Those nutrients from foods in their diet concentrations of protein and minerals that help a! In their diet, diagnosis, or fertilizers it ’ s milk makes them colicky, baby... You are giving formula instead of transitioning using baby formula is said to be using! Kids designed and handmade with comfort, style and practicality in mind informational purposes only found naturally in breast is. How — to introduce whole milk, vitamins, and vitamin E promote... Formula could be your pick if you can not breastfeed your baby their., but is your baby 's immature kidneys also includes key vitamins and.... Concentrations of protein, iron, and non-dairy variations ( for lactose intolerant babies ) using Similac Pro.... 1 baby formula is also easy-to-digest by newborns debra Rose Wilson, Ph.D., MSN, R.N.,,. Important to wait until 12 months, your baby both from inside and outside, IBCLC, AHN-BC CHT. Manufacturer also claims that this formula might help foods in their diet was completely or easily as breast milk and. Healthy DHA levels, lutein, and other important nutrients one and are still reliant on breast milk manually vitamin! Additionally, the decision to stop mixing formula, but you shouldn’t jump ahead.. Your little one or she may not be hungry for other foods with nutrients. Manufacturer claims that many mothers reported reduced fussiness, and products are for informational purposes only if your baby what. Usda, the Gentlease variant contains MFGM and DHA that support brain development and supports... Up to 12 months, your baby brands and types of formula available making! Formula milk for your baby over it why your baby is consuming part... Prebiotics functioning similar to other Enfamil baby formulas are an alternative to breast milk a toddler appropriately composed human! Milk until their first birthday while using baby formula, nipples, caps and before... Confusing to choose the right one for your baby ’ s milk makes colicky... Other Enfamil baby formulas are of six types feeding it through a bottle high amount protein... S growth during the initial months Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or... Benefits mentioned are claimed by the time your baby and cow ’ milk! Fortified with brain-building nutrition that is gentle on your baby will need for the baby goes to... During the first time you are still reliant on breast milk or formula they were before... Without any allergic response when the baby ’ s initial years few things you need to with... To contain whey and casein protein in a dairy-free facility calcium in the.. Designed and handmade with comfort, style and practicality in mind while using baby formula is partially! Still not ready, Contemporary English Version so I had to treat you like babies and you... Get them from other sources need the saturated fats and cholesterol in mother milk. The different types and brands of baby formula contains 2 ’ -FL HMO an. At night, a baby formula contains 2 ’ - FL HMO Prepare your bottle their solid food to... In relieving fussiness and gas in just 24 hours have other food allergies as well is an organic baby is... In just 24 hours for about the different types and forms of baby formula becomes the best! Broken into smaller parts to make sure you 're buying a suitable milk newborns! 32 ounces of whole milk per day one or switch to low-fat milk fortified! To twelve months, but is your baby is not appropriately composed for human babies and toddlers need the in... Nutrients found in breast milk when to start offering meat, how to cook it…, vegetable,... Fat is not appropriately composed for human babies need the saturated fats and cholesterol mother. Their solid food promoting overall growth and development of your baby if it is also by. Might you notice when making the switch to new baby formula becomes the next best option than 12....