Butterfly Weed, Asclepias tuberosa Clasping milkweed, Asclepias amplexicaulis Common Milkweed, Asclepias syriaca Fourleaf milkweed, Asclepias quadrifolia Green Antelopehorn, Asclepias viridis Green comet milkweed, Asclepias viridiflora Horsetail milkweed, Asclepias subverticillata Longleaf milkweed, Asclepias longifolia. You can rid yourself of these sacs during a flower visit if a pollinium slips into a stigmatic slit where the stigmatic chamber is empty. contributors include: Committee Members: Leslie Cameron, Tyler Ormsby, Marilyn Thomson, & Rachel Vecchio Eastern tiger swallowtail and a bumble bee feed on Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed) at the Monarch Waystation in historic Ball-Carlin Cemetery in Arlington, Virginia in June. When the plant is in bloom, drooping umbels of white flowers emerge from the upper leaf axils. You still have to break the translator arm though in order to fly on your way. Promoting environmentally sound gardening practices for over 35 years! Asclepias exaltata. 1. This list does not contain all varieties of milkweed, just the best kinds of milkweed to support monarchs in your region. It grows 3 to 6 feet in height and bears large, smooth leaves that are opposite and broadly elliptic in shape. They were, however, more successful pollinators when they visited other milkweed species. Below is a partial list of monarch-friendly plants native to Virginia thrive and, once established, are drought and deer resistant. A. syriaca is said to be the most fragrant milkweed and produces nectar both day and night, which is extremely attractive to pollinators. Butterfly milkweed (Asclepias tuberosa)grows 1-3 feet tall and has flat-topped clusters of orange flowers. 2. Unlike most flowers whose pollen grains are loose and powdery, the pollen of milkweeds and orchids is bound together and transferred in a single unit, a pollinium. If you are hungry and hasty (and keep slipping into stigmatic slits), then the pollinia you carry can multiply quickly and weigh you down. If that is in a different flower of the same species, then you have achieved cross-pollination. Orange blossoms pro… If you can not find a local suplier or resource become one. ( Log Out /  Allow the collected seeds to dry for a week or two, then store your milkweed seed pods in the garage, a refrigerator, or a cool dry place indoors. Click here for more info. Tropical milkweed (Asclepias curassavica): Tropical milkweed, sometimes called blood flower, is not a native milkweed, nor is it hardy in the Mid-Atlantic. The slit is lined with bristles that restrict your movements so that the only way out is up. ), then you will find yourself carrying pollen-filled, saddlebag-like sacs (paired pollinia attached to the corpusculum by translator arms). Click here for our personalized seedpacks. Studies showed that they were the most effective pollinators of various milkweed plants, although honey bees likely left more parts behind. The leaves of the butterfly milkweed are stiff and lance-shaped. Amazon.com : 40 Asclepias Syriaca Common Milkweed Virginia Silkweed - Butterfly Flower Seed - Zone 3A - 9B ~!! Cirsium discolor (field thistle) appears in the foreground and Penstemon digitalis ‘Husker Red,’ (beardtongue) and Echinacea purpurea (purple coneflower) in the background. Some milkweed plants are listed as Class Number One noxious weeds in certain areas and should not be planted. But you may be asking, “should I prune milkweed.” Milkweed pruning isn’t really necessary, but deadheading milkweed can enhance appearance and encourage further flowering. The flowers may be shaded purplish or green. Growing the plants will attract and feed these beautiful butterflies. I’ve often come up on this term in novels set in the Smokey Mountains, especially IF THE CREEK DON’T RISE by Leah Weiss. Don’t cut milkweed until the end of September at the earliest. In your hurry to sip from the nectar pool, you falter on the flower’s slippery, uneven surface and your leg slips into a crevice (the stigmatic slit). Photo © 2020 Mary Free. A leafcutter bee (Megachile) carrying pollinia. We support local growers and hope you seek out native varieties. Virginia Native Milkweed Species. It is in the genus Asclepias, the milkweeds. They attract butterflies and a … At least 8 species of milkweed in this genus are native to Fairfax County. It is not as attractive to those with small gardens, however, as it can be unruly and spread very aggressively by rhizomes. Back in April I posted an image of a Sphex sp. Poke milkweed flowers follow this pattern, and in this case, the horns are longer than the hoods. Some species grow exclusively in specific regions while others will thrive in jus… Ongoing research points to problems with this plant that are mounting as time goes by including increased presence of the deadly parasite OE, (Ophryocystis elektroscirrha). Tried and True Native Plant Selections for the Mid-Atlantic, Virginia Cooperative Extension Publications, Virginia Cooperative Extension – Alexandria Office, Virginia Cooperative Extension – Arlington Office. Of those 15 species, A. tuberosa and A. incarnata tend to be the most commonly grown in the ornamental garden. The milk can be toxic if ingested, although some people say that milkweed can be eaten if the plants are young and the cook who prepares them uses special precautions. Female monarchs deposit their eggs on milkweed during the breeding season (late spring through summer in Northern Virginia) and their caterpillars devour the leaves as they grow. Asclepias incarnata, swamp milkweed - Leaves are critical for the egg and larvae stages. All milkweed flowers have a unique structure: there are 5 petals that bend backwards around a central crown of 5 incurved “hoods” that sometimes bear a single “horn”. Milkweed flower. Where is Milkweed Found? Share your knowledge, plants and seeds. More than 100 species of this herbaceous perennial are native to the U.S. and Canada. Change ). – kaufen Sie dieses Foto und finden Sie ähnliche Bilder auf Adobe Stock http://www.invitationtothegarden.WordPress.com, Follow VIRGINIA WILDFLOWERS on WordPress.com. ), and native thistle so they have the energy they need to make the journey. West Virginia Native Milkweed Species. Milkweeds (Asclepias) get their name from the sticky white sap that oozes from the leaves when they are damaged. Thousands Of Monarch Butterflies Are Headed Straight For Virginia This Spring. Editors: Steven Bell, Margaret Brown, Brigitte Coulton, Kimberly Marsho, Marsha Mercer,  & Christa Watters However, if you chose to be a honey bee (Apis mellifera), a brown-belted bumble bee (Bombus griseocollis), or a digger wasp (Sphex ichneumoneus, S. pensylvanicus), then congratulations! Monarch butterflies do not place all of their eggs in one basket: oviposition on nine Midwestern milkweed species. They require different habitats–swamp milkweed tolerates wetter soil, clay, and some shade while butterfly-weed tolerates dry/poor soil and drought but prefers full sun. Without it, they cannot complete their life cycle and their populations decline. Flora of Virginia lists 15 members of the genus that are native to this state. South Central Ecoregions include: 255, 315, 311, 251, 331, and 332. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Monarch egg counts were higher when more than one species was present. wasp with some odd structures on its legs. Imagine being a pollinator drawn to a fragrant flower that offers abundant nectar. When the flowers of summer wane, pollinators move on to late bloomers, such as the mistakenly maligned native thistles. In that case you might still be trapped inside the flower and will probably perish. When the… The MGNV website is maintained and created by the MGNV Social Media Committee with input from MGNV and VCE. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. If you imagined yourself as a butterfly, those delicate legs would have had a low success rate in removing the pollinia. The milkweed being discussed was the tropical variety most widely available in the usual stores, Asclepias curassavica, known commonly as Scarlet or Tropical milkweed. Asclepias exaltata There are several species of milkweed in our area; the flowers might be pink, red, orange, green or white. I will do my best to note this, but laws and classifications change from time to time, so you might want to check with your local town, municipality, or province to see which milkweeds are safe to plant, and which are not allowed. May I reblog your post as a guest blog on my site? Monarch butterfly feeding on a milkweed plant at Big Meadow in Shenandoah National Park, Virginia, USA. Whether you call it Asclepias or milkweed, the genus consists of more than 100 species of evergreen or deciduous, clump-forming or spreading perennials. Monarch larvae feed exclusively on milkweeds, the majority in the genus Asclepias. Photo © Henry Staples and Claudia Gerwin. It is most easily distinguished from other species by the vibrant magenta color of its flowers, but also by the strong downward point to its horns. Milkweed is a native perennial herb with milky sap and leaves opposite or whorled, simple and entire;the flowers are in umbels, purple to greenish white; the fruit is a follicle, with numerous seeds, each with a tuft of silky hairs.. In addition to writers & photographers credited through bylines (Mary Free, Judy Funderburk, Elaine Mills, Christa Watters & Susan Wilhelm), Consider Asclepias incarnata and Asclepias tuberosa (butterfly-weed), both of which are better behaved in smaller gardens. Its leaves are poisonous to many animals, but are the main food source for monarch caterpillars. So that’s what a poke weed is! Common milkweed and bloodflower will often self-seed in Hampton Roads and other areas in Virginia, depending upon winter weather. See the photo at right. After some additional research (i.e., I found a photo of a bee with similar things on its legs while surfing the Internet), it seems that those structures are milkweed pollinia and not parasitic growths. Photo © 2020 Mary Free, In experiments with nine milkweed species, monarch egg counts were highest on Asclepias incarnata (swamp milkweed). Many have adapted to different regions of the country and a wide range of climates and terrains, from deserts and rocky areas to marshes and open prairies. In addition to milkweeds, adult monarchs need sources of nectar almost year-round. Rather than make assumptions about where milkweed occurs, researchers conducted a census. However, this is not a native milkweed to the United States so I do not recommend planting this. Milkweed Plant Varieties for Butterflies. In choice experiments with four milkweed species, monarch “females laid 1.7 times more eggs on A. incarnata than on Asclepias syriaca…, 14.9 times more eggs than on A. tuberosa…Females laid nine times more eggs on A. syriaca than on A. tuberosa.” (Pocius, 2018), Monarch butterfly on Asclepias incarnata (swamp milkweed) in July. Tall green milkweed is not commonly grown in gardens, but can be found in prairies, meadows, and wildflower fields. Tried and True Native Plant Selections for the Mid-Atlantic Enjoy this lovely video on Milkweed Pods, Bugs and Monarchs! As such, milkweed is critical for the survival of monarchs. Asclepias are prone to several insect pests. ( Log Out /  Monarch Butterfly Loves It : Flowering Plants : Garden & Outdoor Post was not sent - check your email addresses! ), of course, is the host plant for monarch butterflies. Free Milkweed plant with every plant order placed this month!!! During this time, adult monarchs may feed on milkweed flowers, but they usually have many other nectar choices. ( Log Out /  South and West Texas are home to numerous milkweed species but their use by monarchs is not well documented. Milkweeds are probably best known for the white “milk” or latex that is exuded from the plant when a leaf or stem is broken. If you manage to escape without losing a claw or worse (OUCH! Subscribe to our website! Would you like to give seed packs to all your friends and family? Note the 5 petals that are bent backwards and the 5 white hoods, each bearing a single white, curved “horn” that is longer than the hood. Female monarchs deposit their eggs on milkweed during the breeding season (late spring through summer in Northern Virginia) and their caterpillars devour the leaves as they grow. The length and timing of flowering also differs somewhat. I am feeling very embarrassed I am reliably informed that what I was saying is dogbane which we do not have in New Zealand On Sat, 29 Apr 2017 at 9:35 AM, Jacqui Knight, MBNZT wrote: > So much common milkweed growing beside the freeway in parts of Virginia - > for example I81 I think Winchester to Charlottesville. Drooping umbels arise from the upper leaf axils, Leaves are simple, broadly elliptic, with smooth edges, Poke Milkweed: 5 petals that bend backwards around a central crown of 5 incurved “hoods”; each has a horn that is longer than the hood. It prefers full sun and can be grown in a wide range of soil conditions.