Luke 6:12-16 lists two disciples named Judas. Secondly, it was a very common name at the time of Jesus. One might wonder how some early Christians could have thought that Jesus had a twin brother. These two passages also name a son called James. and are not his sisters here with us?". Jesus' twin brother was Didymus Judas Thomas Professor Dale Martin Professor Martin said: “His ‘real’ name is Judas, and Didymus and Thomas are his nicknames – … JESUS CHRIST may have had a twin brother called Didymos Judas Thomas, which would throw the history of Christianity into doubt, according to one Bible scholar. Mark 3:18 names only one of Jesus’ disciples as Judas. And peace being established, they lived until the time of Trajan. He is our brother. Upon hearing this, Domitian did not pass judgment against them, but, despising them as of no account, he let them go, and by a decree put a stop to the persecution of the Church. Though others referred to him, Jude, Simon, and Joses as “the brethren of the Lord,” James himself was loath to assert his special kinship, preferring to be known as a servant of Christ. If, after all … To see the rest of this post, I’m afraid you have to belong to the blog. In St. Matthew's list we find a "Lebbaeus," and in St. Mark's a "Thaddaeus" occupying a position in the third division which in St. Luke's list is filled by "James's Jude." Thomas was allegedly Jesus’ identical twin, otherwise known as Jude (Mark 6:3), or Didymus Judas Thomas. That Jesus had four brothers and at least two sisters is a “given” in Mark, our earliest gospel record. Simon’s son, surnamed Iscariot; one of the 12 disciples of Jesus. In reality, the one who was replaced was Judas the Galilean, not Judas Iscariot. [5], Mark 6:3 and Matthew 13:55 record the people of Nazareth saying of Jesus: "Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary, the brother of James, and Joses, and of Judas, and Simon? Then they showed their hands, exhibiting the hardness of their bodies and the callousness produced upon their hands by continuous toil as evidence of their own labor. Jesus answered and said to them, “Do not I choose you, the twelve, and one of you is an adversary?” Now He said it of Judas, son of Simon Iscariot, for this man was about to give Him up, being one of the twelve. He is our brother. 10:2–4 ). * (See also Jude) Your Faithlife account signs you in to all our sites. And when they were asked concerning Christ and his kingdom, of what sort it was and where and when it was to appear, they answered that it was not a temporal nor an earthly kingdom, but a heavenly and angelic one, which would appear at the end of the world, when he should come in glory to judge the quick and the dead, and to give unto every one according to his works. Hegesippus, a 2nd-century Christian writer, mentions descendants of Jude living in the reign of Domitian (81-96). Please try again soon. That is, Jesus had a brother named Judas. Thus there is much confusion among Biblical scholars even today. Eusebius relates in his Historia Ecclesiae (Book III, ch. The Bible tells us that Jesus had four brothers: James, Joseph, Simon, and Judas (Matthew 13:55). The name "Jude of James", as given in Luke 6:16, is sometimes interpreted as "Jude, brother of James" (See Luke 6:16), though such a construction commonly denotes a relationship of father and son. In that epistle, he identifies himself not as the brother of the Lord, but as “James, a servant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ.” (James 1:1.) The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised, 1. Judas Iscariot was the treasurer for the disciples and the betrayer our Christ. But truth is that Judas is one of us. ), that they suffered martyrdom under the Emperor Trajan. Matthew 13:55 and Mark 6:3 give us a list of Mary’s children. The picture is confused further when he is called Judas but is distinguished from Judas Iscariot in John 12:22. To differentiate, John 6:71 and John 13:26 refer to Christ’s betrayer as “Judas, son of Simon Iscariot.” Yes, Judas betrayed Jesus, but so did the other disciples, including Peter. They all betrayed and abandoned Jesus to … But K. Beyer points out that Greek ἕως οὗ (until) after a negative "often has no implication at all about what happened after the limit of the 'until' was reached".[8]. But what said he? Both were apostles, and James was a leader of the church of Jerusalem. The person who replaced Judas was his brother… After Joseph's first wife died, many years later when he was eighty, "he took Mary (mother of Jesus)".[11][12]. The Book of Jude was written by him. Upon examining them, Domitian releases them and orders the persecution of the church to stop. 32,5f. He names the brothers rather matter-of-factly: James, Joses, Judas, and … This James was also mentioned in Galatians 1:19 as "James the Lord's brother." So, the third so-called brother Jesus, named Judas, actually survived well into the late first century, and he was well known to everyone. (Jude and Judas are variations of the same name.) These things are related by Hegesippus.[17]. (Greek: ἀδελφοί, romanized: adelphoi, lit. The Epistle of Jude has been attributed to him, on the basis of the heading "Jude, the servant of Jesus Christ, and brother of James" (Jude 1:1) where "brother of James" is taken as brother of James the brother of Jesus. Is not His mother called Mary? They all betrayed and abandoned Jesus to … Therefore all four Gospel writers specifically mentioned Jesus having brothers. In this book Jesus states, "I am not Judas who is called Thomas, but his brother." For example, both Judas and Jude are English are translations of the Greek name Ιουδας. (There was no Judas Iscariot as will be explained in Chapter 17). It is not clear if Jude, the brother of Jesus, is also Jude, the brother of James, or Jude the Apostle, son of Mary mother of James the less and Jude. According to the surviving fragments of the work Exposition of the Sayings of the Lord of the Apostolic Father Papias of Hierapolis, who lived c. 70–163 AD, Mary the wife of Cleophas or Alphaeus would be the mother of Jude, the brother of Jesus that Papias identifies with Thaddeus: Mary the wife of Cleophas or Alphaeus, who was the mother of James the bishop and apostle, and of Simon and Thaddeus, and of one Joseph...(Fragment X)[9], The bishop of Salamis, Epiphanius, wrote in his work The Panarion (AD 374-375) that Joseph became the father of James and his three brothers (Joses, Simeon, Judah) and two sisters (a Salome and a Mary) or (a Salome and an Anna)[10] with James being the elder sibling. By registering for an account, you agree to Faithlife’s, The most advanced Bible dictionary as a part of, The books of Mark and Matthew give an account of Jesus’ miracles in His hometown. History tells us that Judas died about A.D. 98-117. The residents scoff and state that they know Jesus’ family, specifically naming His brothers, Hegesippus provides a story (preserved by Eusebius) of Judas’ descendants being brought before Domitian as political enemies. One of the brothers of Jesus according to the New Testament, Hill D., The Gospel of Matthew, p80 (1972) Marshall, Morgan and Scott:London, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Jude,_brother_of_Jesus&oldid=987913380, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2008, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 November 2020, at 23:58. In John 7:1-10, His brothers go on to the festival while Jesus stays behind. Judas, like Simon, was a son of Clopas, the brother of Jesus’ father, Joseph. Jesus called Peter and his brother to follow Him by getting into Simon’s boat, helping them catch fish miraculously, and inviting them to be fishers of men. Eusebius also relates (in Book III, ch. Both "Judas" and "Jude" are English translations of the Greek name Ἰούδας, which was a very common name in the 1st century. Scholarly Debate Reading these passages literally, some scholars argue that the author of The Gospel of Thomas was in deed the twin brother of Jesus – none other than Judas (not Judas … Is not His mother called Mary? He is called Jude of James. Thus Jesus had brothers named Judas and James. To Betray Jesus for a Sum of Money he is called Judas but distinguished., that they suffered martyrdom under the Emperor Trajan be admitted that there objective. Wonder how some early Christians could have thought that Jesus ' mother and brothers looking for Jesus because were... ; he was his brother, ( the Gospel and Acts ) and was! 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